Prolegomena to a Critical Grammar

  • Josef Schächter

Part of the Vienna Circle Collection book series (VICC, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXI
  2. The Nature of Logic

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Contents of Part One

      1. Josef Schächter
        Pages 5-14
      2. Josef Schächter
        Pages 15-19
      3. Josef Schächter
        Pages 20-33
      4. Josef Schächter
        Pages 34-42
  3. On the Grammar of Words, Sentences and Combinations of Sentences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 43-43
    2. Contents of Part Two

      1. Josef Schächter
        Pages 47-77
      2. Josef Schächter
        Pages 78-109
      3. Josef Schächter
        Pages 110-137
      4. Josef Schächter
        Pages 138-161
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 162-165

About this book


This book is the first English version of Prolegomena zu einer kritischen Grammatik, published by Julius Springer, Vienna, 1935, as Volume 10 of the Vienna Circle's series Schriften zur wissenschaftlichen Weltauffassung. The prefatory remarks of both editor and author acknowledge the influence ofWittgenstein in a general way. However, in aim and approach, the work differs from Wittgenstein's Philosophische Grammatik (l969). This is indeed based on material going back to 1932, some of which Schachter must have known. On the other hand, the present Prolegomena not only explains the general, philosophical principles to be followed, but in the light of these proceeds to cover the entire range of conventional grammar, showing where that is uncritical. Whether Wittgenstein in his turn knew of Schachter's work has never been explored. Schachter's object is universal grammar. As is natural, the examples in the original are largely drawn from German grammar, with occasional minor excursions into other languages. For English readers, what matters are the general problems of grammar: there is no point in tying these to the linguistic peculiarities of German, let alone a local variety of it. One who can grasp German at that level might as well read the original. The translation is therefore twofold: the text as a whole has been rendered into English, and the entire apparatus of examples has been replaced, as far as this can be done, by illustrations from English grammar, chosen so as to bring out the same kinds of problem as in the original.


Attribut Substantiv Symbol Verb adjective attributive definite article genitive grammar indefinite article logic perfect predicative pronouns subject

Authors and affiliations

  • Josef Schächter
    • 1
  1. 1.ViennaAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1973
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-277-0301-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-2555-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site