Unifying Concepts in Ecology

Report of the plenary sessions of the First international congress of ecology, The Hague, the Netherlands, September 8–14, 1974

  • Editors
  • W. H. van Dobben
  • R. H. Lowe-McConnell

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages iii-8
  2. Flow of energy and matter between trophic levels

  3. Comparative productivity in ecosystems

  4. Diversity, stability and maturity in natural ecosystems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-137
    2. Robert M. May
      Pages 161-168
    3. R. H. Whittaker, H. Klomp
      Pages 169-183
  5. Diversity, stability and maturity in ecosystems influenced by human activities

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-185
    2. John Harte, Donald Levy
      Pages 208-223
    3. C. O. Tamm, L. Vlijm, G. E. Likens
      Pages 230-236
  6. Strategies for management of natural and man-made ecosystems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 237-237
    2. C. S. Holling, William C. Clark
      Pages 247-251
    3. Otto Soemarwoto, P. Gruys
      Pages 275-285
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 286-302

About this book


The complexity of ecosystems forms perhaps the greatest challenge for natural science. Even the first step to comprehensive analysis, namely a survey of the participating species, often forms a major obstacle. This makes it understandable that ecologists try to abstract general principles from the interrelationships of the multitude of species for use in their efforts to investigate ecosystem dynamics. Such 'unifying concepts' were the main theme of the 'First International Congress of Ecology' organized in The Hague in September 1974 by the International Association of Ecology (INTECOL), under the auspices of the Division of Environmental Biology of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS). This book contains the papers presented at the plenary sessions of the Congress and a summary of the discussions engendered by them. At the Congress over 800 ecologists from many countries, representing diverse disciplines such as limnology, botany, zoology, microbiology, agriculture, met together for a week. The study of ecosystem dynamics depends on mutual understanding and close cooperation, and to stimulate an integrated approach a number of main speakers were invited to contribute papers on notions such as energy flow, productivity, diversity, stability and maturity from different points of view. These invited papers were presented at the morning plenary sessions, followed by discussions.


ecology ecosystem environment environmental management nutrient cycling

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1975
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-1956-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-1954-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site