The Changing Global Environment

  • S. Fred Singer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VIII
  2. Overviews on Global Effects of Pollution

  3. Chemical Balance of Gases in the Earth’s Atmosphere

  4. Effects of Atmospheric Pollution on Climate

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-137
    2. Reid A. Bryson, Wayne M. Wendland
      Pages 139-147
    3. H. E. Landsberg
      Pages 197-234
  5. Worldwide Ocean Pollution by Toxic Wastes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 271-273
    2. Edward D. Goldberg
      Pages 275-294
    3. George M. Woodwell, Paul P. Craig, Horton A. Johnson
      Pages 295-309
    4. Bostwick H. Ketchum
      Pages 311-328
  6. Nitrogen Compounds in Soil, Water, Atmosphere and Precipitation

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 401-423

About this book


We know a great deal about historical climate and its variations from various geo­ logical studies. There are two points worth remarking on. One is that the climate changes frequently and radically, but that the degree of variation and even sense of variation depends on the time scale which we are considering. Secondly, that this is a most unusual geological period for the Planet Earth; we are living in a period of mountain building and glaciations, whereas during most of the last 250 million years (m.y.) there was little ice and little topography. A good view of climate change of the last hundred m.y. can be gained by looking at the paper of Kellogg. We are now in a period of extensive glaciations. The previous interval occurred 300 to 250 m.y. ago, when even the Sahara was glaciated. (Of course, it was at that time near the position of the South Pole; we know that 300 m.y. ago the continents had not broken apart and formed one land mass.) Apparently between 250 and 20 m.y. ago there was little ice on the Earth, even at Antarctica. Continental basins were flooded by shallow seas. This was the period when plant life and marine life proliferated and when most of our fossil fuels were laid down.


Cloud Precipitation Transport biosphere cloudiness ecosystem temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • S. Fred Singer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1975
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-277-0402-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-1729-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site