The German Perfect

Its semantic composition and its interactions with temporal adverbials

  • Renate Musan

Part of the Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy book series (SLAP, volume 78)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Renate Musan
    Pages 1-20
  3. Renate Musan
    Pages 21-61
  4. Renate Musan
    Pages 63-107
  5. Renate Musan
    Pages 109-116
  6. Renate Musan
    Pages 117-135
  7. Renate Musan
    Pages 137-182
  8. Renate Musan
    Pages 241-252
  9. Renate Musan
    Pages 253-257
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 259-275

About this book


1. OUTLINE German has the three main perfect constructions which are illustrated in (1. 1). 1 In each of these constructions, the verb appears in the past participial form and is combined with an auxiliary - in this case, haben ('have'); other verbs form their perfect constructions with the auxiliary sein ('be'). 2 The auxiliary can then be com­ bined with a tense -Le. the present tense as in (Ua), the past tense as in (b), or the future tense as in (c). 3 (1. 1) a. PRESENT PERFECT: Die Eule hat die Schule verlassen. the owl has the school left b. PAST PERFECT: Die Eule hatte die Schule verlassen. the owl had the school left c. FUTURE PERFECT: Die Eule wird die Schule verlassen haben. the owl will the school left have As will shortly become clear, the present perfect is the most intricate of the perfect constructions in German. It has been investigated intensely in the past, with the result that today there is little doubt about what the core problems concerning its semantics are.


Index Syntax Tempora adverbial aspect conjunctions interaction knowledge past tense perfect present present perfect semantic semantics syntactic

Editors and affiliations

  • Renate Musan
    • 1
  1. 1.Humboldt-UniversityBerlinGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-0822-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-0552-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-4662
  • Buy this book on publisher's site