The Turing Test

The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence

  • James H. Moor

Part of the Studies in Cognitive Systems book series (COGS, volume 30)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. History

    1. B. Jack Copeland
      Pages 1-21
    2. Ayse Pinar Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli, Varol Akman
      Pages 23-78
  3. Interpretation

    1. Susan G. Sterrett
      Pages 79-97
    2. Gualtiero Piccinini
      Pages 111-120
  4. Criticism

  5. Defense

    1. William J. Rapaport
      Pages 161-184
    2. Larry Hauser
      Pages 185-195
    3. James H. Moor
      Pages 197-213
  6. Alternatives

    1. Selmer Bringsjord, Paul Bello, David Ferrucci
      Pages 215-239
    2. Gerald J. Erion
      Pages 241-251
    3. S. Harnad
      Pages 253-273

About this book

Introduction

In 1950 Alan Turing (1912-1954) published his famous article, "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" in the journal Mind. This article is arguably the most influential and widely read article in the philosophy of artificial intelligence. Indeed, most of the debate in the philosophy of artificial intelligence over the last fifty years concerns issues that were raised and discussed by Turing. Turing's genius was not only in developing the theory of computability but also in understanding the impact, both practical and philosophical, that computing machinery would have. Turing believed that computers, if properly designed and educated, could exhibit intelligent behavior, even behavior that would be indistinguishable from human intelligent behavior. His vision of the possibility of machine intelligence has been highly inspiring and extremely controversial. In this classic article Turing presented his well known imitation game and predicted that about the year 2000 "an average interrogator will not have more than 70 per cent chance of making the right identification after five minutes of questioning" in the imitation game. Based on the results of the Loebner 2000 contest and the accomplishments in the field of AI, as impressive as they are, Turing's prediction remains unfulfilled.

Keywords

Turing test artificial intelligence cognitive science intelligence philosophy

Editors and affiliations

  • James H. Moor
    • 1
  1. 1.Dartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0105-2
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-1205-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-010-0105-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-0780
  • About this book