Philosophy of Arithmetic

Psychological and Logical Investigations with Supplementary Texts from 1887–1901

  • Authors
  • Edmund Husserl

Part of the Edmund Husserl book series (HUCO, volume 10)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-lxiv
  2. The Authentic Concepts of Multiplicity, Unity and Whole Number

  3. The Symbolic Number Concepts and the Logical Sources of Cardinal Arithmetic

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. Edmund Husserl
      Pages 205-234
    3. Edmund Husserl
      Pages 235-269
    4. Edmund Husserl
      Pages 271-301
  4. Supplementary Texts (1887–1901)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 303-303
    2. Edmund Husserl
      Pages 359-503
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 505-515

About this book


In his first book, Philosophy of Arithmetic, Edmund Husserl provides a carefully worked out account of number as a categorial or formal feature of the objective world, and of arithmetic as a symbolic technique for mastering the infinite field of numbers for knowledge. It is a realist account of numbers and number relations that interweaves them into the basic structure of the universe and into our knowledge of reality. It provides an answer to the question of how arithmetic applies to reality, and gives an account of how, in general, formalized systems of symbols work in providing access to the world. The "appendices" to this book provide some of Husserl's subsequent discussions of how formalisms work, involving David Hilbert's program of completeness for arithmetic. "Completeness" is integrated into Husserl's own problematic of the "imaginary", and allows him to move beyond the analysis of "representations" in his understanding of the logic of mathematics.
Husserl's work here provides an alternative model of what "conceptual analysis" should be - minus the "linguistic turn", but inclusive of language and linguistic meaning. In the process, he provides case after case of "Phenomenological Analysis" - fortunately unencumbered by that title - of the convincing type that made Husserl's life and thought a fountainhead of much of the most important philosophical work of the twentieth Century in Europe. Many Husserlian themes to be developed at length in later writings first emerge here: Abstraction, internal time consciousness, polythetic acts, acts of higher order ('founded' acts), Gestalt qualities and their role in knowledge, formalization (as opposed to generalization), essence analysis, and so forth.
This volume is a window on a period of rich and illuminating philosophical activity that has been rendered generally inaccessible by the supposed "revolution" attributed to "Analytic Philosophy" so-called. Careful exposition and critique is given to every serious alternative account of number and number relations available at the time. Husserl's extensive and trenchant criticisms of Gottlob Frege's theory of number and arithmetic reach far beyond those most commonly referred to in the literature on their views.


Analysis Edmund Husserl Gottlob Frege Hermann von Helmholtz body concept finite field language logic

Bibliographic information