The Scientific Basis of Flocculation

  • Kenneth J. Ives

Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSE, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VI
  2. K. J. Ives
    Pages 1-2
  3. K. J. Ives
    Pages 37-61
  4. Lloyd A. Spielman
    Pages 63-88
  5. John Gregory
    Pages 89-99
  6. John Gregory
    Pages 101-130
  7. R. J. Akers
    Pages 131-163
  8. K. J. Ives
    Pages 165-191
  9. H. Sontheimer
    Pages 193-217
  10. Charles R. O’Melia
    Pages 219-268
  11. Kelvin Roberts
    Pages 269-282
  12. J. A. Kitchener
    Pages 283-328
  13. D. C. Freshwater
    Pages 329-361
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 363-369

About this book


K.J. Ives Professor of Public Health Engineering University College London The aggregation of small particles in liquids, to form flocs which are large enough to settle, or to be filtered, is a common operation in industrial processes, and water and wastewater treatment. This aggregation, given the general title flliocculation in this book, may be brought about by the addition of chemicals to reduce the stability of the original suspension, by neutralising electrical forces of repulsion, by the addition of chemicals (polymers) to link particles by bridging action, by the addition of chemicals which form particles to increase collision proba­ bilities, and by the input of energy leading to hydrodynamically induced collisions. The particles undergoing flocculation may range from colloidal in the nanometer size range, through micro­ scopic (micron) size, up to visible particles in the millimeter size range; that is a total size range of six orders of magnitude. Consequently the colloid chemist and the hydrodynamicist are both concerned with the interactions that take place, and to them the engineer must turn, to obtain the fundamental information ne­ cessary for the process design and its associated hardware.


chemistry colloid design energy engine industrial process information polymer process design public health stability waste wastewater water water treatment

Editors and affiliations

  • Kenneth J. Ives
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Municipal EngineeringUniversity College LondonUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1978
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-009-9940-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-9938-1
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site