Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal

Proceedings of the Fifth Trans-Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine Held at Los Angeles, California, April 14–16, 1977

  • Hugo Tristram EngelhardtJr.
  • Stuart F. Spicker
  • Bernard Towers

Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 6)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Intuitions, Hunches, and Rules for Reasoning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Michael Scriven
      Pages 3-16
    3. Elliott Sober
      Pages 29-44
  3. The Logic of Health Care

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 57-57
    2. Edmond A. Murphy
      Pages 59-85
    3. John L. Gedye
      Pages 93-113
    4. Ernan McMullin
      Pages 115-129
    5. John L. Gedye
      Pages 131-143
    6. Martin E. Lean
      Pages 161-166
  4. Clinicians on Clinical Judgment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 167-167
    2. Edmund D. Pellegrino
      Pages 169-194
    3. Eric J. Cassell
      Pages 199-215
    4. Daniel I. Wikler
      Pages 217-226
  5. Round Table Discussion Judgment and Methods in Clinical Judgment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 227-227
    2. Stuart F. Spicker
      Pages 229-237
    3. E. James Potchen, Paul Wahby, William R. Schonbein, Linda L. Gard
      Pages 238-247
    4. Sally Gadow
      Pages 248-253
    5. Thomas E. Hill
      Pages 254-258
    6. Bernard Towers
      Pages 259-264
    7. H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.
      Pages 265-271
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 273-279

About this book


Over a period of a year, the symposium on clinical judgment has taken shape as a volume devoted to the analysis of how knowledge claims are framed in medicine and how choices of treatment are made. We hope it will afford the reader, whether layman, physician or philosopher, a useful perspective on the process of knowing what occurs in medicine; and that the results of the dis­ cussions at the Fifth Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine will lead to a better understanding of how philosophy and medicine can usefully challenge each other. As the interchange between physicians, philosophers, nurses and psychologists recorded in the major papers, the commentaries and the round table discussion shows, these issues are truly interdisciplinary. In particular, they have shown that members of the health care professions have much to learn about themselves from philosophers as well as much of interest to engage philosophers. By making the structure of medical reasoning more apparent to its users, philosophers can show health care practitioners how better to master clinical judgment and how better to focus it towards the goods and values medicine wishes to pursue. Becoming clearer about the process of knowing can in short teach us how to know better and how to learn more efficiently. The result can be more than (though it surely would be enough!) a powerful intellectual insight into a major cultural endeavor, medicine.


anatomy diagnosis health logic medicine philosophy psychology

Editors and affiliations

  • Hugo Tristram EngelhardtJr.
    • 1
  • Stuart F. Spicker
    • 2
  • Bernard Towers
    • 3
  1. 1.Kennedy Institute of EthicsGeorgetown UniversityUSA
  2. 2.University of Connecticut Health CenterFarmingtonUSA
  3. 3.University of California at Los AngelesUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1979
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-009-9401-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-9399-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0376-7418
  • Buy this book on publisher's site