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Experimental evaluation of stress concentration and intensity factors

Useful methods and solutions to Experimentalists in fracture mechanics

  • G. C. Sih
Book

Part of the Mechanics of Fracture book series (MEFA, volume 7)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

Experiments on fracture of materials are made for various purposes. Of primary importance are those through which criteria predicting material failure by deformation and/or fracture are investigated. Since the demands of engineering application always precede the development of theories, there is another kind of experiment where conditions under which a particular material can fail are simulated as closely as possible to the operational situation but in a simplified and standardized form. In this way, many of the parameters corresponding to fracture such as toughness, Charpy values, crack opening distance (COD), etc. are measured. Obviously, a sound knowledge of the physical theories governing material failure is necessary as the quantity of interest can seldom be evaluated in a direct manner. Critical stress intensity factors and critical energy release rates are examples. Standard test of materials should be distinguished from basic experi­ ments. They are performed to provide routine information on materials responding to certain conditions of loading or environment. The tension test with or without a crack is among one of the most widely used tests. Because they affect the results, with size and shape of the specimen, the rate of loading, temperature and crack configuration are standardized to enable comparison and reproducibility of results. The American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) provides a great deal of information on recommended procedures and methods of testing. The objective is to standardize specifications for materials and definition of technical terms.

Keywords

cracks deformation elasticity fracture fracture mechanics mechanics

Editors and affiliations

  • G. C. Sih
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-8337-3
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1981
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-009-8339-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-8337-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site