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Chemical Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons and Synchroton X-rays

  • Maria Arménia Carrondo
  • George A. Jeffrey

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 221)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Chimical Crystallography: Past, Present and Future

  3. Scientific Opportunities with Neutron Scattering

  4. The Scope and Possibilities of Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons

  5. Some Aspects of Diffraction Physics with Pulsed Neutrons

  6. Applications of Neutron Scattering in Chemistry. Pulsed and Continuous Sources in Comparison

  7. Single Crystal Pulsed Neutron Diffraction

    1. J. B. Forsyth
      Pages 117-135
  8. Pulsed Neutron Powder Diffraction

    1. A. K. Cheetham
      Pages 137-158
  9. Pulsed Neutron Diffraction in Special Sample Environments

  10. Applications of Synchrotron X-rays to Chemical Crystallography

  11. Synchrotron X-ray and Neutron Radiation in Protein Crystallography - Present and Future

  12. Synchrotron Radiation for Electron Density Studies

  13. Structural Applications of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (Exafs and Xanes) in Coordination Chemistry

  14. Use of the Rietveld Profile Analysis for Crystal Structure Determination and Refinement

  15. Real-Time Neutron Powder Diffraction

    1. J. Pannetier
      Pages 313-355
  16. Chemical Crystallography with Pulsed Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation

  17. Recent Theoretical Advances in Macromolecular Structure Determination

  18. Some Developments in Anomalous Dispersion for the Structural Investigation of Macromolecular Systems in Biology

  19. Triplet Phase Invariants from an Exact Algebraic Analysis of Anomalous Dispersion

  20. Unique or Essentially Unique Results from One-Wavelength Anomalous Dispersion Data

  21. Triplet Phase Invariants from Single Isomorphous Replacement or One-Wavelength Anomalous Dispersion Data, Given Heavy-Atom Information

  22. Solving Difficult Structures

    1. Isabella L. Karle
      Pages 419-441
  23. Real Time Synchrotron Radiation Diffraction Experiments on Polymers

  24. Time-Resolved Applications of Synchrotron Radiation in Protein Crystallography

  25. Crystallographic Studies of Biological Macromolecules using Synchrotron Radiation

  26. The Use of Synchrotron Radiation for Laue Diffraction and for the Study of Very Small Crystals

  27. Final Panel Discussion 2 7.3

    1. Maria Arménia Carrondo, George A. Jeffrey
      Pages 563-566
  28. Posters

    1. Ch Betzel, K. Petratos, N. Pipon, H. Terry, K. S. Wilson
      Pages 568-568
    2. Philip Lightfoot, Anthony K. Cheetham, Arthur W. Sleight
      Pages 569-570
    3. R. W. Date, G. R. Luckhurst, J. M. Seddon
      Pages 573-574
    4. R. Maertens, L. Van Meervelt, G. S. D. King, G. Germain
      Pages 575-576
    5. J. A. Alonso, A. Castro, E. Gutiérrez Puebla, M. A. Monge, I. Rasines, C. Ruiz Valero
      Pages 579-581
    6. C. Bavoux, A. Thozet, M. Perrin, R. Lamartine, R. Perrin, J. Vicens
      Pages 583-584
    7. P. Esteban, F. Garin, P. Bernhardt, G. Maire
      Pages 585-586
    8. M. J. M. de Almeida, M. Margarida R. Costa, Etelvina M. Gomes
      Pages 586-586
    9. R. J. Nelmes, Z. Tun, W. I. F. David, W. T. A. Harrison
      Pages 587-587
    10. J. Rodriguez, M. Anne, J. Pannetier
      Pages 588-588
    11. J. Rodriguez, J. M. G. Calbet, J. C. Grenier, J. Pannetier, M. Anne
      Pages 590-591
  29. Back Matter
    Pages 593-616

About this book

Introduction

X-ray and neutron crystallography have played an increasingly impor­ tant role in the chemical and biochemical sciences over the past fifty years. The principal obstacles in this methodology, the phase problem and com­ puting, have been overcome. The former by the methods developed in the 1960's and just recognised by the 1985 Chemistry Nobel Prize award to Karle and Hauptman, the latter by the dramatic advances that have taken place in computer technology in the past twenty years. Within the last decade, two new radiation sources have been added to the crystallographer's tools. One is synchrotron X-rays and the other is spallation neutrons. Both have much more powerful fluxes than the pre­ vious sources and they are pulsed rather than continuos. New techniques are necessary to fully exploit the intense continuos radiation spectrum and its pulsed property. Both radiations are only available from particular National Laboratories on a guest-user basis for scientists outside these Na­ tional Laboratories. Hitherto, the major emphasis on the use of these facilities has been in solid-state physics, and the material, engineering and biological sciences. We believe that there is equivalent potential to applications which are pri­ marily chemical or biochemical.

Keywords

Powder diffraction chemistry crystal crystal structure crystallography electron neutron diffraction phase transition polymer scattering solid-state physics

Editors and affiliations

  • Maria Arménia Carrondo
    • 1
  • George A. Jeffrey
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Quimica EstruturalInstituto Superior TécnicoLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Department of CrystallographyUniversity of PittsburghUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-4027-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8287-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-4027-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-2185
  • Buy this book on publisher's site