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Chemistry and Physics of Fracture

  • R. M. Latanision
  • R. H. Jones

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 130)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Introductory Lectures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. George M. Whitesides, Thomas X. Neenan
      Pages 12-22
    3. J. F. Knott
      Pages 44-59
  3. Theory of Fracture

  4. Solid State Chemistry and Physics of Fracture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 161-161
    2. M. E. Eberhart, D. D. Vvedensky
      Pages 163-176
    3. Murray S. Daw, Michael I. Baskes
      Pages 196-218
  5. Solution Chemistry

  6. Structure and Properties of Interfaces

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327
    2. John R. Smith, John Ferrante, Pascal Vinet, J. G. Gay, Roy Richter, James H. Rose
      Pages 329-362
    3. J. Th. M. De Hosson, V. Vitek
      Pages 363-387
    4. H. J. Grabke
      Pages 388-415
  7. Workshop Sessions

    1. Workshop Session 1: Novel Aspects of Fracture

      1. H. Mughrabi, R. Prass, H.-J. Christ, D. Puppel
        Pages 443-448
      2. M. Brede, P. Haasen
        Pages 449-453
      3. R. M. Latanision, R. H. Jones
        Pages 454-457
    2. Workshop Session 2: Intergranular Embrittlement

      1. Wolfgang Losch
        Pages 461-491
      2. R. M. Latanision, R. H. Jones
        Pages 499-502
    3. Workshop Session 3: Hydrogen Embrittlement

      1. M. Hashimoto, R. M. Latanision
        Pages 505-537
      2. J. P. Hirth
        Pages 538-551
      3. D. R. Baer, R. H. Jones
        Pages 552-559
      4. J. Chene, I. M. Bernstein
        Pages 560-567
      5. Seppo Tähtinen, Pertti Nenonen, Hannu Hänninen
        Pages 568-573
      6. S. Altintas, M. B. Civelek
        Pages 574-579
      7. R. Kirchheim, X. Y. Huang, H.-D. Carstanjen, J. J. Rush
        Pages 580-585
      8. M. P. Puls, B. W. Leitch, W. R. Wallace
        Pages 586-590
      9. R. M. Latanision, R. H. Jones
        Pages 591-594
    4. Workshop Session 4: Stress Corrosion and Corrosion Fatigue

About this book

Introduction

For many years it has been recognized that engineering materials that are-tough and ductile can be rendered susceptible to premature fracture through their reaction with the environment. Over 100 years ago, Reynolds associated hydrogen with detrimental effects on the ductility of iron. The "season cracking" of brass has been a known problem for dec­ ades, but the mechanisms for this stress-corrosion process are only today being elucidated. In more recent times, the mechanical properties of most engineering materials have been shown to be adversely affected by hydrogen embrittlement or stress-corrosion cracking. Early studies of environmental effects on crack growth attempted to identify a unified theory to explain the crack growth behavior of groups of materials in a variety of environments. It is currently understood that there are numerous stress-corrosion processes some of which may be common to several materials, but that the crack growth behavior of a given material is dependent on microstructure, microchemistry, mechanics, surface chemistry, and solution chemistry. Although the mechanism by which various chemical species in the environment may cause cracks to propagate in some materials but not in others is very complex, the net result of all environmentally induced fracture is the reduction in the force and energy associated with the tensile or shear separation of atoms at the crack tip.

Keywords

alloy crystal electrochemistry fatigue fracture mechanics neutron scattering thermodynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • R. M. Latanision
    • 1
  • R. H. Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Materials Science and Technology DepartmentBattelle Northwest LaboratoriesRichlandUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3665-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-8140-5
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-3665-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site