Advertisement

Treatise on Basic Philosophy

Ethics: The Good and The Right

  • Authors
  • Mario¬†Bunge

Part of the Treatise on Basic Philosophy book series (TOBP, volume 8)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Introduction

    1. Mario Bunge
      Pages 1-7
  3. Values

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Mario Bunge
      Pages 11-40
    3. Mario Bunge
      Pages 41-60
    4. Mario Bunge
      Pages 61-90
  4. Morals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 91-91
    2. Mario Bunge
      Pages 93-132
    3. Mario Bunge
      Pages 133-157
    4. Mario Bunge
      Pages 158-193
  5. Ethics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-195
    2. Mario Bunge
      Pages 197-242
    3. Mario Bunge
      Pages 243-284
    4. Mario Bunge
      Pages 285-315
  6. Action Theory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 317-317
    2. Mario Bunge
      Pages 319-353
    3. Mario Bunge
      Pages 354-389
    4. Mario Bunge
      Pages 390-399
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 400-427

About this book

Introduction

The purpose of this Introduction is to sketch our approach to the study of value, morality and action, and to show the place we assign it in the system of human knowledge. 1. VALUE, MORALITY AND ACTION: FACT, THEORY, AND METATHEORY We take it that all animals evaluate some things and some processes, and that some of them learn the social behavior patterns we call 'moral principles', and even act according to them at least some of the time. An animal incapable of evaluating anything would be very short-lived; and a social animal that did not observe the accepted social behavior patterns would be punished. These are facts about values, morals and behavior patterns: they are incorporated into the bodies of animals or the structure of social groups. We distinguish then the facts of valuation, morality and action from the study of such facts. This study can be scientific, philosophic or both. wayan animal evaluates environmental A zoologist may investigate the or internal stimuli; a social psychologist may examine the way children learn, or fail to learn, certain values and norms when placed in certain environments. And a philosopher may study such descriptive or explan­ atory studies, with a view to evaluating valuations, moral norms, or behavior patterns; he may analyze the very concepts of value, morals and action, as well as their cognates; or he may criticize or reconstruct value beliefs, moral norms and action plans.

Keywords

Consequentialism Emotivism Metaethics Utilitarianism cognitivism ethical theory ethics logic monism morality relativism

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2601-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-277-2840-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-2601-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site