The Exploitation of Mammal Populations

  • Victoria J. Taylor
  • Nigel Dunstone

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Exploitation of Mammal Populations: Past, Present and Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Victoria J. Taylor, Nigel Dunstone
      Pages 3-15
    3. Stephen Tapper, Jonathan Reynolds
      Pages 28-44
    4. Robert Prescott-Allen, Christine Prescott-Allen
      Pages 45-61
  3. Harvesting Wild Mammal Populations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-63
    2. John D. Skinner
      Pages 65-74
    3. James G. Teer, Valeri M. Neronov, Lir V. Zhirnov, Anatolij I. Blizniuk
      Pages 75-87
    4. José Roberto Moreira, David W. Macdonald
      Pages 88-101
    5. Vassili Papastavrou
      Pages 102-113
  4. Hunting and Its Impact on Wildlife

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 115-115
    2. Heribert Hofer, Kenneth L. I. Campbell, Marion L. East, Sally A. Huish
      Pages 117-146
    3. Clare D. FitzGibbon, Hezron Mogaka, John H. Fanshawe
      Pages 147-159
    4. David W. Macdonald, Paul J. Johnson
      Pages 160-207
  5. Wildlife Trade and Conservation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 227-227
    2. David M. Lavigne, Carolyn J. Callaghan, Richard J. Smith
      Pages 250-265

About this book

Introduction

Human exploitation of other mammals has passed through three histori­ cal phases, distinct in their ecological significance though overlapping in time. Initially, Homo sapiens was a predator, particularly of herbivores but also of fur-bearing predators. From about 11 000 years ago, goats and sheep were domesticated in the Middle East, rapidly replacing gazelles and other game as the principal source of meat. The principal crops, including wheat and barley, were taken into agriculture at about the same time, and the resulting Neolithic farming culture spread slowly from there over the subsequent 10 500 years. In a few places such as Mexico, Peru and China, this Middle Eastern culture met and merged with agricultural traditions that had made a similar but independent transition. These agricultural traditions provided the essential support for the industrial revolution, and for a third phase of industrial exploita­ tion of mammals. In this chapter, these themes are drawn out and their ecological signifi­ cance is investigated. Some of the impacts of humans on other mammals require consideration on a world-wide basis, but the chapter concen­ trates, parochially, on Great Britain. What have been the ecological consequences of our exploitation of other mammals? 2. 2 HISTORICAL PHASES OF EXPLOITATION 2. 2. 1 Predatory man Our nearest relatives - chimpanzees, orang utans and gorillas - are essentially forest species, deriving most of their diet from the fruits of forest trees and the shoots and leaves of plants.

Keywords

conservation development mammals research wildlife management

Editors and affiliations

  • Victoria J. Taylor
    • 1
  • Nigel Dunstone
    • 2
  1. 1.Universities Federation for Animal WelfarePotters Bar HertsUK
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of DurhamDurham CityUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1525-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-7182-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1525-1
  • About this book