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Ecology of Arable Land — Perspectives and Challenges

Proceeding of an International Symposium, 9–12 June 1987 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

  • M. Clarholm
  • L. Bergström

Part of the Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences book series (DPSS, volume 39)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. S. P. Long, E. Garcia Moya, S. K. Imbamba, A. Kamnalrut, M. T. F. Piedade, J. M. O. Scurlock et al.
    Pages 9-20
  3. David C. Coleman, Diana W. Freckman, Gamin M. Wang, John D. Goeschl
    Pages 21-29
  4. Jerry M. Melillo, John D. Aber, Arthur E. Linkins, Andrea Ricca, Brian Fry, Knute J. Nadelhoffer
    Pages 53-62
  5. M. J. Swift, P. G. H. Frost, B. M. Campbell, J. C. Hatton, K. B. Wilson
    Pages 63-76
  6. C. V. Cole, J. W. B. Stewart, D. S. Ojima, W. J. Parton, D. S. Schimel
    Pages 89-98
  7. W. J. Parton, C. V. Cole, J. W. B. Stewart, D. S. Ojima, D. S. Schimel
    Pages 99-108
  8. P. Lavelle, I. Barois, A. Martin, Z. Zaidi, R. Schaefer
    Pages 109-122
  9. R. D. Finlay, B. Söderström
    Pages 139-148
  10. Peter M. Vitousek, Pamela A. Matson, Keith Van Cleve
    Pages 161-171
  11. H. W. Hunt, E. T. Elliott, D. E. Walter
    Pages 191-203
  12. O. W. Heal, T. V. Callaghan, K. Chapman
    Pages 205-216
  13. Lech Ryszkowski, Alina Bartoszewicz
    Pages 241-246
  14. M. J. Frissel, T. N. Olsthoorn
    Pages 273-279
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 297-298

About this book

Introduction

Agriculture in the industrial world has gone A common interest of the contributors is increas­ through dramatic changes over the past decades. ing the understanding of the turnover of carbon Mechanization in combination with high inputs of and inorganic nutrients in terestrial ecosystems. fertilizers and pesticides has turned deficits of agri­ The authors approach this topic from different cultural products into surplus. Over the same directions depending on their interests and ex­ period we have experienced increased environment­ pertise. Difficulties are identified in the quantifica­ al problems in both the atmosphere and our water tion of below-ground production where death and resources, which have been associated with the re-growth, if incorporated into the calculations, changes in management practices. can change production figures considerably as Concern about the potential pollution by compared to values derived from "peak" estimates. nitrogen fertilizers as well as the low utilization The role of root-derived carbon is investigated in efficiency of applied nitrogen by plants has created relation to nutrient competition between roots and a need for a better understanding of nitrogen microorganisms, the cost of N2 fixation and the cycling in the plant-soil-water system. To achieve decomposition of organic nitrogen. Mycorrhizae this, it is neccessary to study process interactions use root-derived carbon and their roles in phos­ and process regulation in an ecosystem context. phorus conservation and in supplying nutrients to During the last decade many ecosystem studies the host are exemplified.

Keywords

biomass ecology ecosystems natural ecosystems soil soil quality

Editors and affiliations

  • M. Clarholm
    • 1
  • L. Bergström
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Environmental ResearchSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-1021-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6950-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1021-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site