• Bruno D. Fornage

Part of the Series in Radiology book series (SERA, volume 17)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Léandre G. Pourcelot
    Pages 1-7
  3. Matthew D. Rifkin
    Pages 9-23
  4. Luigi Bolondi, Gian Carlo Caletti, Luigi Barbara
    Pages 25-34
  5. Jörg A. Bönhof, Peter Linhart
    Pages 35-41
  6. Giulio Di Candio, Franco Mosca, Bruno D. Fornage
    Pages 43-69
  7. Bruno D. Fornage
    Pages 71-104
  8. Hans H. Holm, Soren T. Torp-Pedersen, Niels Juul
    Pages 105-119
  9. Jacques L. Beco, Maseb S. Sulu, Jean-Pierre J. Schaaps
    Pages 121-128
  10. Patrice M. Bret
    Pages 129-147
  11. Jean-Pierre J. Schaaps
    Pages 149-156
  12. Nabil F. Maklad
    Pages 157-177
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 179-186

About this book


Following the development of gray-scale imaging, real-time scanning, Doppler examination, and high-frequency sonography, endosonography is one of the latest major breakthroughs in the history of diagnostic ultrasound. Although early attempts at inserting ultrasound transducers in natural cavities of the body can be traced back more than two decades, only in the past few years has technology allowed the development and commercialization of effective, easy-to-use endosono­ scopic probes. Because the transducer can be placed in direct contact with or close to lesions, high frequencies (up to ~2 MHz) can be used, yielding cross-sectional images of unsurpassed resolution. The availability of specially designed intracorporeal probes for specific natural cavities that are routinely explored by conventional (optical) endoscopy or palpation has significantly expanded the diagnostic applications of sonography. Transrectal and transvaginal examinations are now performed routinely in many institutions, and virtually all sonographic equipment manufac­ turers have in their line of products at least one endorectal and one endovaginal transducer. Most endosonoscopic probes connect to existing scanners, and for radiology departments, the invest­ ment for transrectal or transvaginal scanning will usually be limited to the purchase of the specific probe. In this book, clinical applications of endosonography (excluding transesophageal echocardio­ graphy) are covered by European and North American experts. Current equipment and techniques of examination are described in detail to help newcomers get started in the field of endosonography.


Endosonographie Röntgen Sonographie endoscopy esophagus fertility gynecology imaging obstetrics radiology sonography ultrasound

Editors and affiliations

  • Bruno D. Fornage
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Section of UltrasoundThe University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyInstitut Jean GodinotReimsFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6886-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-0885-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site