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Photostabilization of Polymers

Priciples and Applications

  • Jan F. Rabek

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Jan F. Rabek
    Pages 80-166
  3. Jan F. Rabek
    Pages 167-201
  4. Jan F. Rabek
    Pages 202-278
  5. Jan F. Rabek
    Pages 279-356
  6. Jan F. Rabek
    Pages 357-395
  7. Jan F. Rabek
    Pages 396-429
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 504-595

About this book

Introduction

During the last two decades, the production of polymers and plastics has been increasing rapidly. In spite of developing new polymers and polymeric materials, only 40-60 are used commercially on a large scale. It has been estimated that half of the annual production of polymers is employed outdoors. Increasing the stability of polymers and plastics towards heat, light, atmospheric oxygen and other environmental agents and weathering conditions has always been a very important problem. The photochemical instability of most of polymers limits them to outdoor application, where they are photo­ degraded fast over periods ranging from months to a few years. To the despair of technologists and consumers alike, photodegrada­ tion and environmental ageing of polymers occur much faster than can be expected from knowledge collected in laboratories. In many cases, improved methods of preparation and purification of both monomers and polymers yield products of better quality and higher resistance to heat and light. However, without stabilization of polymers by applica­ tion of antioxidants (to decrease thermal oxidative degradation) and photostabilizers (to decrease photo-oxidative degradation) it would be impossible to employ polymers and plastics in everyday use.

Keywords

Compound Lignin Pigment Polyolefin Polyolefine Polypropylen additive morphology plastics polyethylene polymer rubber stabilization

Authors and affiliations

  • Jan F. Rabek
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Polymer TechnologyThe Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-0747-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6821-5
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-0747-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site