Magnetic Resonance Detection of Explosives and Illicit Materials

  • Tomaž Apih
  • Bulat Rameev
  • Georgy Mozzhukhin
  • Jamie Barras
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics book series (NAPSB)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Detection of Solids

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Naveed R. Butt, Erik Gudmundson, Andreas Jakobsson
      Pages 19-33
    3. Michael D. Rowe, John A. S. Smith, Jamie Barras, Kaspar Althoefer
      Pages 35-43
    4. Georgy V. Mozzhukhin, Bulat Z. Rameev, Galina S. Kupriyanova, Bekir Aktaş
      Pages 45-59
    5. Nikolay Sinyavsky, Georgy V. Mozzhukhin, Philip Dolinenkov
      Pages 69-76
    6. Jérémy Jover, Sarra Aissani, Laouès Guendouz, André Thomas, Daniel Canet
      Pages 77-86
  3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Detection of Liquids

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Robert Austin, Michelle Espy, Andrei Matlashov, Henrik Sandin, Larry Schultz, Algis Urbaitis et al.
      Pages 99-110
    3. Andrey B. Konov, Kev M. Salikhov, Evgeniya L. Vavilova, Bulat Z. Rameev
      Pages 111-122
    4. Anton Gradišek, Jože Luzar, Janez Lužnik, Tomaž Apih
      Pages 123-135
    5. Galina S. Kupriyanova, Vitaliy V. Molchanov, Evgeniy A. Severin, Ivan G. Mershiev
      Pages 137-147
  4. Other Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 149-149
    2. Maxim L. Chukharkin, Alexey S. Kalabukhov, Justin F. Schneiderman, Fredrik Öisjöen, Magnus Jönsson, Minshu Xie et al.
      Pages 151-159
    3. Alexei Vertiy, Andrei Pavlyuchenko
      Pages 161-168

About these proceedings

Introduction

Detection of concealed explosives is a notoriously difficult problem, and many different approaches have been proposed to solve this problem. Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) is unique in many ways. It operates in a safe AM radio frequency range, and it can remotely detect unique “fingerprint” (NQR spectrum) of many explosives, such as TNT or RDX. As such, the detection of target does not depend on the shape or material of the container, or the presence of metallic object such as triggers etc. Spectra of chemically similar compounds differ enough that their presence never causes interference or false alarms. Unfortunately, widespread use is prevented due to low sensitivity, radiofrequency interference from the noisy environment, and inability to detect liquid explosives. This book presents current state of the art of the attempts to overcome NQR sensitivity problem, either by increasing the strengths of signals generated, or by increasing the specificity of the technique through a better understanding of the factors that affect the quadrupolar parameters of specific explosives. The use of these specific quadrupolar parameters is demonstrated on signal processing techniques that can detect weak signals, which are hidden in a noisy background. The problem of differentiation of liquid explosives and benign liquids in closed containers is approached by measurements of different nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) parameters. As shown, a couple of solutions has reached a prototype stage and could find their use in a near future.

Keywords

Detection of Bulk Explosives Detection of Liquid and Solid Explosives Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance

Editors and affiliations

  • Tomaž Apih
    • 1
  • Bulat Rameev
    • 2
  • Georgy Mozzhukhin
    • 3
  • Jamie Barras
    • 4
  1. 1.Joseph Stefan InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Gebze Institute of TechnologyGebze-KocaeliTurkey
  3. 3.Kazan State Power Engineering UniversityKazanRussia
  4. 4.Department of InformaticsKing's College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7265-6
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-7264-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-7265-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6500
  • Series Online ISSN 1874-6535
  • About this book