Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities

  • Jeanine Diller
  • Asa Kasher

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Jeanine Diller, Asa Kasher
    Pages 1-9
  3. Conceptual Foundations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. James E. Taylor
      Pages 13-17
    3. Ted Peters
      Pages 43-61
    4. Michael V. Antony
      Pages 81-91
  4. Classical Theism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 93-93
    2. Thomas Williams
      Pages 95-100
    3. R. Michael Olson
      Pages 101-109
    4. Elliot N. Dorff
      Pages 111-123
    5. John Peter Kenney
      Pages 125-132
    6. Katherin A. Rogers
      Pages 133-140
    7. Robert G. Kennedy
      Pages 157-164
    8. Eric J. Silverman
      Pages 165-173
    9. David Cunning
      Pages 175-193
  5. Neo-Classical Theism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-195
    2. Kevin Timpe
      Pages 197-206
    3. Klaas J. Kraay
      Pages 225-232
    4. Yujin Nagasawa
      Pages 233-244
    5. Daniel A. Dombrowski
      Pages 245-259
  6. Open Theism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 261-261
    2. David Basinger
      Pages 263-275
    3. David M. Woodruff
      Pages 277-285
    4. Richard Rice
      Pages 299-307
  7. Process Theology

  8. Panentheism

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 369-369
    2. Philip Clayton, Philip Clayton
      Pages 371-379
    3. Stephen Palmquist
      Pages 399-410
    4. Klaus Ottmann
      Pages 411-420
    5. Glenn Alexander Magee
      Pages 421-430
    6. Jeffrey L. Kasser
      Pages 431-440
    7. James J. Bacik
      Pages 441-451
  9. Ground, Start and End of Being Theologies

About this book


Dedicated to exploring the enormous variety of ultimate realities at the center of the world’s great religions and philosophical traditions, this volume is a richly varied collection of essays on how we conceive this central notion, whether expressed as God, or as an ultimate reality of another kind. Years in the making, the collection examines the guiding principles of 15 major philosophical traditions and 6 living religions. A publication of monumental scale and detail, it features an innovative thematic structure that aggregates traditions according to their core models, allowing the reader to grasp the common features of  ultimate realities as understood in diverse traditions such as Hindu, Buddhist, Jewish, Muslim, Christian, and in some non-religious discussions.


Borne out of proceedings at both  the American Philosophical Association and the American Academy of Religion, the volume also examines foundational questions related to the human propensity for creating and using such models, including the issue of whether we are capable of acquiring knowledge of ultimate reality. It features a sustained analysis of the concept that modeling such an ultimate reality is a fruitless endeavor doomed to failure since the ultimate might well be beyond human conception, as well as reflections on the staggering diversity of these models and their application to concepts such as spirituality, gender equality, war, and global warming. Accessible and authoritative, the collection combines section primers for those new to the field, deeper treatment in dedicated essays, and a wealth of references for further reading and study.


Ultimate realities classical theology divine multiplicity doctrine of God monism panentheism philosophical theology process theology religious diversity theoretical models ultimate reality

Editors and affiliations

  • Jeanine Diller
    • 1
  • Asa Kasher
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. PhilosophyUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA
  2. 2.Tel Aviv UniversityRamat Aviv, Tel AvivIsrael

Bibliographic information