Multiple Representations in Biological Education

  • David F. Treagust
  • Chi-Yan Tsui

Part of the Models and Modeling in Science Education book series (MMSE, volume 7)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Role of Multiple Representations in Learning Biology

  3. Implications for Biology Teaching and Teacher Education with Multiple Representations

  4. Assessment of Learning and Teaching with Multiple Representations

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 369-390

About this book


This new publication in the Models and Modeling in Science Education series synthesizes a wealth of international research on using multiple representations in biology education and aims for a coherent framework in using them to improve higher-order learning. Addressing a major gap in the literature, the volume proposes a theoretical model for advancing biology educators’ notions of how multiple external representations (MERs) such as analogies, metaphors and visualizations can best be harnessed for improving teaching and learning in biology at all pedagogical levels.
The content tackles the conceptual and linguistic difficulties of learning biology at each level—macro, micro, sub-micro, and symbolic, illustrating how MERs can be used in teaching across these levels and in various combinations, as well as in differing contexts and topic areas. The strategies outlined will help students’ reasoning and problem-solving skills, enhance their ability to construct mental models and internal representations, and, ultimately, will assist in increasing public understanding of biology-related issues, a key goal in today’s world of pressing concerns over societal problems about food, environment, energy, and health. The book concludes by highlighting important aspects of research in biological education in the post-genomic, information age.


biological education biology education conceptual representations external representations learning biology multiple external representations multiple representations post-secondary science education science education secondary science education teaching biology visualization in biology

Editors and affiliations

  • David F. Treagust
    • 1
  • Chi-Yan Tsui
    • 2
  1. 1.Science and Mathematics Education CentreCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Science and Mathematics Education CentreCurtin UniversityAucklandNew Zealand

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-4191-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-4192-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1871-2983
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-2260
  • Buy this book on publisher's site