© 2013

Molecular Environmental Soil Science

  • Jianming Xu
  • Donald L. Sparks

Part of the Progress in Soil Science book series (PROSOIL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Soil Microbial Processes

  3. Heavy Metals in Soil

  4. Adsorption and Diffusion Processes in Soil

  5. Soil Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 387-387
    2. Caixian Tang, Chandrakumara Weligama, Peter Sale
      Pages 389-412
    3. Philip C. Brookes, Juan C. Aciego Pietri, Yuping Wu, Jianming Xu
      Pages 413-428
    4. Bocar Ahamadou, Qiaoyun Huang
      Pages 429-480

About this book


This book focuses on the Critical Zone supporting life at the Earth’s surface with emphasis on the new and emerging subject area of molecular environmental soil science. Advances in research methodology, and the use of synchrotron radiation in particular, are extensively reviewed. The role of microbes and biomolecules in mineral transformations, metal cycling, and the degradation of natural and anthropogenic organic compounds are also highlighted. The book is unique because it integrates a number of key contributions from traditionally separate disciplines. It also adds an important, and much needed, molecular dimension to an area of science that has traditionally been viewed on larger scales. The book identifies  knowledge gaps, provides future research directions and addresses advances in research and education at molecular level. in this extremely important and challenging area of science for years to come. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Project Committee noted that the Conference, on which the book is based, identifies and builds on the need to view and understand the Critical Zone at the molecular level. The book will be an invaluable reference for researchers, students and professionals in this field of work.


Anthropogenic organics Critical Zone Interfacial interactions Molecular environmental soil science Vital and toxic elements hysicochemical and biological processes

Editors and affiliations

  • Jianming Xu
    • 1
  • Donald L. Sparks
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Soil and Water ResourcesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina, People's Republic
  2. 2.Delaware Environmental InstituteUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

About the editors

Dr. Jian-ming Xu is a soil scientist with particular interests in the field of the chemical and biochemical processes of contaminants in soil, characterization of soil humic substances, and impact of soil environmental quality on food safety. He is now a leading scientist and the Director of Soil and Water Resources & Environmental Science at Zhejiang University, the Chair of Soil Chemistry Division of Soil Science Society of China, and the Coordinator of Chinese Chapter of International Humic Substances Society. He has published over 200 scientific papers, notably in top international journals as Soil Biology & Biochemistry, etc.

Dr. Donald L. Sparks is S. Hallock du Pont Chair of Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Francis Alison Professor, and Chairperson, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences at the University of Delaware at Newark. He also holds joint faculty appointments in the Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Chemistry and Biochemistry, and in the College of Marine Studies. In 2006, he was appointed as Director of the Center for Critical Zone Research, a university wide center dealing with environmental science and engineering. His discoveries on the formation and role of surface precipitates in the retention, fate and transport of metals in natural systems have received worldwide attention and had major impacts in the areas of sorption models, metal speciation and soil remediation/contamination. He has (co-)authored and edited over 200 publications. He served as Co-Editor-in-Chief of Geoderma and on the Editorial Boards of Soil Science, Advances in Agronomy, Pedosphere, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, and Vadose Zone Journal. At the University of Delaware, Dr. Sparks was instrumental in building the soil science program, including the establishment of the federally funded Institute of Soil and Environmental Quality (ISEQ) and the establishment of the UD Center for Critical Zone Research (CCZR). Dr. Sparks has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors.

Bibliographic information