The Sirex Woodwasp and its Fungal Symbiont:

Research and Management of a Worldwide Invasive Pest

  • Bernard Slippers
  • Peter de Groot
  • Michael John Wingfield

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Kathleen Ryan, Brett P. Hurley
    Pages 15-30
  3. John M. Bordeaux, Jeffrey F. D. Dean
    Pages 31-50
  4. Magriet A. van der Nest, Brenda D. Wingfield, Michael J. Wingfield, Jan Stenlid, Rimvydas Vasaitis, Bernard Slippers
    Pages 81-94
  5. Bernard Slippers, Brett P. Hurley, X. Osmond Mlonyeni, Peter de Groot, Michael J. Wingfield
    Pages 119-133
  6. Damon J. Crook, Katalin Böröczky, Kelley E. Zylstra, Victor C. Mastro, James H. Tumlinson
    Pages 149-158
  7. John Bain, Stephanie L. Sopow, Lindsay S. Bulman
    Pages 167-173
  8. Edson T. Iede, Susete R. C. Penteado, Wilson R. Filho
    Pages 217-228
  9. Marcos Beèche, Dolly Lanfranco, Mario Zapata, Cecilia Ruiz
    Pages 229-245
  10. Brett P. Hurley, Philip Croft, Marcel Verleur, Michael J. Wingfield, Bernard Slippers
    Pages 247-264
  11. Bernard Slippers, Michael J. Wingfield
    Pages 287-295
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 297-301

About this book


The Sirex woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, is the most important invasive alien insect pest in Pinus plantations across the Southern Hemisphere, and it now threatens pines in North America. Sirex noctilio is native to Eurasia, where it causes little damage and is better known for its fascinating biology, including an obligate mutualism with the fungus Amylostereum areolatum. The wasp first appeared outside its native range around 1900 in New Zealand, and it has subsequently spread to Australia, South America and Africa. The pest continues to spread globally and this is vividly illustrated by its recent appearance in North America.

The genesis of the book was an International Sirex Symposium held in South Africa in May 2007. This symposium recognised the growing global threat from the woodwasp and the realization that a sustained research effort would be required to deal with it. This meeting succeeded remarkably in bringing together a diverse mosaic of government, industry and academic experience from many parts of the world. The shared experience emerging from the meeting, as well as the research and management work that has been undertaken subsequently, is captured in this book.

This book covers aspects of the insect’s taxonomy, life history, host-plant relationships, population dynamics and chemical ecology, as well as the nature of its obligate mutualistic relationship with the fungus Amylostereum, its distribution, diversity and biology. There is also a focus on the development and adaptation of biological control systems using various parasitic wasps and the nematode Deladenus siricidicola. Importantly, the book contains a complete synthesis of the history and current status of the pest as well as efforts to control it in the Southern Hemisphere and in North America. Overall, this book illustrates the need for a global community effort to combat the increasing threat of invasive alien pests andpathogens to the world’s forests.


Biological control Forest health Invasive forest pest Research and management Symbiosis

Editors and affiliations

  • Bernard Slippers
    • 1
  • Peter de Groot
    • 2
  • Michael John Wingfield
    • 3
  1. 1.Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology, Department of GeneticsUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2., Great Lakes Forest CentreNatural Resources Canada, Canadian ForesSAULT STE MARIECanada
  3. 3., Forestry and Agricultural BiotechnologyUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

Bibliographic information