Warfare Ecology

A New Synthesis for Peace and Security

  • Gary E. Machlis
  • Thor Hanson
  • Zdravko Špirić
  • Jean E. McKendry
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Gary E. Machlis, Thor Hanson, Zdravko Špirić, Jean E. McKendry
    Pages 1-7
  3. Foundations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Thomas F. Homer-Dixon, Jeffrey H. Boutwell, George W. Rathjens
      Pages 18-25
    3. Gary E. Machlis, Thor Hanson
      Pages 33-40
  4. Preparations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 41-41
    2. Mukhambetkali Burkitbayev, Nicholas Priest, Peter Mitchell, Leon Vintro, Laurent Pourcelot, Yelena Kuyanova et al.
      Pages 55-64
  5. War

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. Jennifer Leaning
      Pages 133-153
  6. Postwar

  7. Advancing the Field of Warfare Ecology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 219-219
    2. Peter H. Liotta, Allan W. Shearer
      Pages 221-244
    3. William W. Doe III, Clifford S. Duke, John J. Fittipaldi
      Pages 291-300
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 301-304

About these proceedings


The purpose of this book is specific and ambitious: to outline the distinctive elements, scope, and usefulness of a new and emerging field of applied ecology named warfare ecology. Based on a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, the book provides both a theoretical overview of this new field and case studies that range from mercury contamination during World War I in Slovenia to the ecosystem impacts of the Palestinian occupation, and from the bombing of coral reefs of Vieques to biodiversity loss due to violent conflicts in Africa. Warfare Ecology also includes reprints of several classical papers that set the stage for the new synthesis described by the authors. Written for environmental scientists, military and humanitarian relief professionals, conservation managers, and graduate students in a wide range of fields, Warfare Ecology is a major step forward in understanding the relationship between war and ecological systems.


Ecology of War Environment, Peace and Security Environmental Environmental Consequences of Warfare NATO PEACE Science Security Sub-Series C Warfare Ecology

Editors and affiliations

  • Gary E. Machlis
    • 1
  • Thor Hanson
    • 2
  • Zdravko Špirić
    • 3
  • Jean E. McKendry
    • 4
  1. 1., College of Natural ResourcesUniversity of IdahoMoscowUSA
  2. 2.Friday HarborUSA
  3. 3., Institute for Applied EcologyOikon Ltd.ZagrebCroatia
  4. 4.Association of American GeographersWashingtonUSA

Bibliographic information