Biological Oceanography of the Baltic Sea

  • Pauline Snoeijs-Leijonmalm
  • Hendrik Schubert
  • Teresa Radziejewska

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxi
  2. The Baltic Sea environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Hendrik Schubert, Dirk Schories, Bernd Schneider, Uwe Selig
      Pages 3-21
    3. Pauline Snoeijs-Leijonmalm, Elinor Andrén
      Pages 23-84
  3. Ecological processes in the Baltic Sea

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-85
    2. Bernd Schneider, Olaf Dellwig, Karol Kuliński, Anders Omstedt, Falk Pollehne, Gregor Rehder et al.
      Pages 87-122
    3. Pauline Snoeijs-Leijonmalm
      Pages 123-191
    4. Sergej Olenin, Stephan Gollasch, Maiju Lehtiniemi, Mariusz Sapota, Anastasija Zaiko
      Pages 193-232
    5. Risto Väinölä, Kerstin Johannesson
      Pages 233-253
    6. Hendrik Schubert, Irena Telesh, Mikko Nikinmaa, Sergei Skarlato
      Pages 255-278
  4. Subsystems of the Baltic Sea ecosystem

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 279-279
    2. Agneta Andersson, Timo Tamminen, Sirpa Lehtinen, Klaus Jürgens, Matthias Labrenz, Markku Viitasalo
      Pages 281-332
    3. David N. Thomas, Hermanni Kaartokallio, Letizia Tedesco, Markus Majaneva, Jonna Piiparinen, Eeva Eronen-Rasimus et al.
      Pages 333-357
    4. Urszula Janas, Erik Bonsdorff, Jan Warzocha, Teresa Radziejewska
      Pages 359-385
    5. Hans Kautsky, Georg Martin, Pauline Snoeijs-Leijonmalm
      Pages 387-455
    6. Teresa Radziejewska, Jonne Kotta, Lech Kotwicki
      Pages 457-482
    7. Hendrik Schubert, Irena Telesh
      Pages 483-509
  5. Monitoring and ecosystem-based management of the Baltic Sea

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 511-511
    2. Michael L. Zettler, Alexander Darr, Matthias Labrenz, Sigrid Sagert, Uwe Selig, Ursula Siebert et al.
      Pages 513-526
    3. Susanne Kratzer, Piotr Kowalczuk, Sławomir Sagan
      Pages 527-545
    4. Kari K. Lehtonen, Anders Bignert, Clare Bradshaw, Katja Broeg, Doris Schiedek
      Pages 547-587
    5. Maria Laamanen, Samuli Korpinen, Ulla Li Zweifel, Jesper H. Andersen
      Pages 589-608
    6. Jan Marcin Węsławski, Eugeniusz Andrulewicz, Christoffer Boström, Jan Horbowy, Tomasz Linkowski, Johanna Mattila et al.
      Pages 609-643
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 645-683

About this book


This is the first comprehensive science-based textbook on the biology and ecology of the Baltic Sea, one of the world’s largest brackish water bodies. The aim of this book is to provide students and other readers with knowledge about the conditions for life in brackish water, the functioning of the Baltic Sea ecosystem and its environmental problems and management. It highlights biological variation along the unique environmental gradients of the brackish Baltic Sea Area (the Baltic Sea, Belt Sea and Kattegat), especially those in salinity and climate.

The first part of the book presents the challenges for life processes and ecosystem dynamics that result from the Baltic Sea’s highly variable recent geological history and geographical isolation. The second part explains interactions between organisms and their environment, including biogeochemical cycles, patterns of biodiversity, genetic diversity and evolution, biological invasions and physiological adaptations. In the third part, the subsystems of the Baltic Sea ecosystem – the pelagic zone, the sea ice, the deep soft sea beds, the phytobenthic zone, the sandy coasts, and estuaries and coastal lagoons – are treated in detail with respect to the structure and function of communities and habitats and consequences of natural and anthropogenic constraints, such as climate change, discharges of nutrients and hazardous substances. Finally, the fourth part of the book discusses monitoring and ecosystem-based management to deal with contemporary and emerging threats to the ecosystem’s health.


Baltic Sea Biology Ecology Biodiversity Management Diversity

Editors and affiliations

  • Pauline Snoeijs-Leijonmalm
    • 1
  • Hendrik Schubert
    • 2
  • Teresa Radziejewska
    • 3
  1. 1. Stockholm University StockholmSweden
  2. 2.Universität RostockRostockGermany
  3. 3.Paleoceanography UnitUniversity of Szczecin Faculty of GeosciencesSzczecinPoland

Bibliographic information