Phenology: An Integrative Environmental Science

  • Mark D. Schwartz

Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS, volume 39)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXX
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mark D. Schwartz
      Pages 3-7
  3. Phenological Data, Networks, and Research

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Xiaoqiu Chen
      Pages 11-25
    3. Marie R. Keatley, Tim D. Fletcher
      Pages 27-44
    4. Annette Menzel
      Pages 45-56
    5. Mark D. Schwartz, Elisabeth G. Beaubien
      Pages 57-73
    6. L. Patrícia, C. Morellato
      Pages 75-92
    7. Ekko Bruns, Frank-M. Chmielewski, Arnold J. H. vanVliet
      Pages 93-104
    8. Arnold J. H. vanVliet, Rudolf S. deGroot
      Pages 105-117
  4. Phenology of Selected Bioclimatic Zones

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 119-119
    2. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Margaret E. Kalacska, Mauricio Quesada, Kathryn E. Stoner, Jorge A. Lobo, Pablo Arroyo-Mora
      Pages 121-137
    3. Donatella Spano, Richard L. Snyder, Carla Cesaraccio
      Pages 139-156
    4. Geoffrey M. Henebry
      Pages 157-174
    5. Frans E. Wielgolaski, David W. Inouye
      Pages 175-194
    6. David W. Inouye, Frans E. Wielgolaski
      Pages 195-214
  5. Phenological Models and Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
    2. Isabelle Chuine, Koen Kramer, Heikki Hänninen
      Pages 217-235
    3. Jacques Régnière, Jesse A. Logan
      Pages 237-254
    4. Robert Brügger, Matthias Dobbertin, Norbert Kräuchi
      Pages 255-267
    5. Uwe Meier
      Pages 269-283
    6. Xiaoqiu Chen
      Pages 285-300
    7. Rein Ahas, Anto Aasa
      Pages 301-318
    8. Annette Menzel
      Pages 319-329
    9. Mark D. Schwartz
      Pages 331-343
    10. Richard L. Snyder, Donatella Spano, Pierpaolo Duce
      Pages 345-361
  6. Remote Sensing Phenology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 363-363
    2. Bradley C. Reed, Michael White, Jesslyn F. Brown
      Pages 365-381
  7. Phenology of Selected Lifeforms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 383-383
    2. Wulf Greve
      Pages 385-403
    3. Karen Delahaut
      Pages 405-419
    4. Tim H. Sparks, Humphrey Q. P. Crick, Peter O. Dunn, Leonid V. Sokolov
      Pages 421-436
    5. Eric Post
      Pages 437-449
  8. Applications of Phenology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 451-451
    2. Michael A. White, Nathaniel Brunsell, Mark D. Schwartz
      Pages 453-466
    3. Lianhong Gu, Wilfred M. Post, Dennis Baldocchi, T. Andy Black, Shashi B. Verma, Timo Vesala et al.
      Pages 467-485
    4. Jie Song
      Pages 487-503
    5. Frank-M. Chmielewski
      Pages 505-522
    6. Gregory V. Jones
      Pages 523-539
    7. Claudio Defila, Bernard Clot
      Pages 541-554
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 555-564

About this book


Phenology is the study of plant and animal life cycle events, which are triggered by environmental changes, especially temperature. Wide ranges of phenomena are included, from first openings of leaf and flower buds, to insect hatchings and return of birds. Each one gives a ready measure of the environment as viewed by the associated organism. Thus, phenological events are ideal indicators of the impact of local and global changes in weather and climate on the earth's biosphere.
Assessing our changing world is a complex task that requires close cooperation from experts in biology, climatology, ecology, geography, oceanography, remote sensing and other areas. This book is a synthesis of current phenological knowledge, designed as a primer on the field for global change and general scientists, students and interested members of the public. With contributions from a diverse group of over fifty phenological experts, covering data collection, current research, methods and applications, it demonstrates the accomplishments and potential of phenology as an integrative environmental science.


Climatology biology biosphere ecology environment environmental change temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark D. Schwartz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of Wisconsin — MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-1580-9
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-0632-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0167-9406
  • Buy this book on publisher's site