Operational Oceanography in the 21st Century

  • Andreas Schiller
  • Gary B. Brassington

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-1
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Andreas Schiller
      Pages 3-26
  3. Oceanographic Observing System

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Pierre-Yves Le Traon
      Pages 29-54
    3. Muthalagu Ravichandran
      Pages 55-90
    4. James A. Cummings
      Pages 91-121
    5. Peter R. Oke, Terence J. O’Kane
      Pages 123-151
  4. Atmospheric Forcing and Waves

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. Diana Greenslade, Hendrik Tolman
      Pages 203-224
  5. Modelling

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 237-237
    2. Bernard Barnier, Thierry Penduff, Clothilde Langlais
      Pages 239-262
    3. Richard J. Matear, E. Jones
      Pages 295-317
  6. Data Assimilation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 319-319
    2. Edward D. Zaron
      Pages 321-350
    3. Andrew M. Moore
      Pages 351-379
    4. Pierre Brasseur
      Pages 381-393
  7. Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 395-395
    2. Eric Dombrowsky
      Pages 397-411
    3. Gary B. Brassington
      Pages 441-486
    4. John L. Wilkin, Weifeng G. Zhang, Bronwyn E. Cahill, Robert C. Chant
      Pages 487-512
    5. Oscar Alves, Debra Hudson, Magdalena Balmaseda, Li Shi
      Pages 513-542
  8. Evaluation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 543-543
    2. Harley E. Hurlburt, E. Joseph Metzger, James G. Richman, Eric P. Chassignet, Yann Drillet, Matthew W. Hecht et al.
      Pages 545-609
  9. Applications, Policies and Legal Frameworks

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 657-657
    2. Brian King, Ben Brushett, Trevor Gilbert, Charles Lemckert
      Pages 681-693
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 719-719

About this book


Over the past decade the significant advances in real-time ocean observing systems, ocean modelling, ocean data assimilation and super-computing has seen the development and implementation of operational ocean forecasts of the global ocean. At the conclusion of the Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE) in 2008 ocean forecasting services were being supported by 12 international centres.

The book is about ocean forecasting - a maturing field which remains an active area of research, and includes the discussion on such topics as ocean predictability, observing system design, high resolution ocean modelling and ocean data assimilation. It presents the introduction to ocean forecasts which allow new opportunities in areas of coupled bio-geochemical forecasting and coupled atmosphere-wave-ocean forecasting. The book describes the research and development to improve forecast systems, determining how best to service the marine user community with forecast information as well as demonstrating impact to their applications. It also discusses operational centres which develop online graphical and data products for their user communities and obtain real-time feedback on the quality of this information.

The contents of this book are aimed at early career scientists and professionals with an interest in operational oceanography and related ocean science. There are excellent opportunities for exciting research through operational forecasting careers in order to address current and future challenges in this field and to service a growing user community.


atmosphere-wave-ocean forecasting data assimilation ocean forecasting ocean modelling ocean observing systems

Editors and affiliations

  • Andreas Schiller
    • 1
  • Gary B. Brassington
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Australian Weather &, Climate ResearchBureau of MeteorologyMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Australian Weather &, Climate ResearchBureau of MeteorologyMelbourneAustralia

Bibliographic information