Organic Xenobiotics and Plants

From Mode of Action to Ecophysiology

  • Peter Schröder
  • Christopher D. Collins

Part of the Plant Ecophysiology book series (KLEC, volume 8)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Principles of Transport, Deposition and Uptake

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Chris D. Collins, Ian Martin, William Doucette
      Pages 3-16
    3. Nicholas Clarke, Milan Gryndler, Hans-Holger Liste, Reiner Schroll, Peter Schröder, Miroslav Matucha
      Pages 17-45
    4. Claudio A. Belis, Ivo Offenthaler, Peter Weiss
      Pages 47-73
  3. Case Studies

  4. Pollutant Degradation and Ecosystem Remediation from Enzymes to Whole Plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. Robert Edwards, David P. Dixon, Ian Cummins, Melissa Brazier-Hicks, Mark Skipsey
      Pages 125-148
    3. Jean-Paul Schwitzguébel, Valérie Page, Susete Martins-Dias, Luísa C. Davies, Galina Vasilyeva, Elena Strijakova
      Pages 149-189
    4. Hassan Azaizeh, Paula M. L. Castro, Petra Kidd
      Pages 191-215
    5. Touradj Solouki, Mohammad Ali Khalvati, Mahsan Miladi, Behrooz Zekavat
      Pages 261-306
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 307-311

About this book

Introduction

Natural and agro-ecosystems are frequently exposed to natural or synthetic substances, which, while they have no direct nutritional value or significance in metabolism, may negatively affect plant functioning. These, xenobiotics, may originate from both natural (fires, volcano eruptions, soil or rock erosion, biodegradation) and anthropogenic (air and soil pollution, herbicides) sources. And, while affected plants have only a limited number of possibilities for avoiding accumulation of these compounds, they do exhibit several enzymatic reactions for detoxification including oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis and conjugation reactions. In agro-ecosystems in particular these mechanisms have great significance in relation to herbicide detoxification and tolerance. In this volume an international group of experts present an overview of the nature and distribution of organic xenobiotics, including their uptake, effects on plant functioning and detoxification mechanisms. The particular significance of glutathione S-transferases in bio-indication and bio-monitoring, and in the detoxification of volatile organic air pollutants and herbicides is evaluated, and their potential significance in phytoremediation and bioaccumulation will be discussed. This volume will be of interest to a wide audience, from graduate students to senior researchers in a wide range of disciplines including plant ecology, plant biochemistry, agriculture and environmental management. It will also be of practical interest to environmentalists, policy makers and resource managers.

Keywords

Biomonitoring Ecotoxicology Organic pollutants Plant detoxification mechanisms Plant uptake

Editors and affiliations

  • Peter Schröder
    • 1
  • Christopher D. Collins
    • 2
  1. 1.Inst. Biochem. Pflanzenphys.GSF-ForschungszentrumOberschleißheimGermany
  2. 2.School of Human and Environmental Scienc, Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of ReadingReadingUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9852-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-9851-1
  • Online ISBN 978-90-481-9852-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1572-5561
  • Series Online ISSN 1572-5561
  • About this book