© 2012

Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems

  • Alison J. Heppenstall
  • Andrew T. Crooks
  • Linda M. See
  • Michael Batty
  • The only book to deal specifically with ABM and geographical systems

  • A comprehensive set of papers on background, theory, technical issues and applications of ABMs

  • Presents a thorough background to the premise of ABM

  • Discusses important technical issues such as how to handle errors, validate and visualise ABMs


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Michael Batty, Andrew T. Crooks, Linda M. See, Alison J. Heppenstall
    Pages 1-15
  3. Computational Modelling: Techniques for Simulating Geographical Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. Andrew T. Crooks, Alison J. Heppenstall
      Pages 85-105
  4. Principles and Concepts of Agent-Based Modelling

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 107-107
    2. David O’Sullivan, James Millington, George Perry, John Wainwright
      Pages 109-123
    3. Steven M. Manson, Shipeng Sun, Dudley Bonsal
      Pages 125-139
    4. Mohamed Abdou, Lynne Hamill, Nigel Gilbert
      Pages 141-165
    5. William G. Kennedy
      Pages 167-179
    6. Shah Jamal Alam, Armando Geller
      Pages 199-216
  5. Methods, Techniques and Tools for the Design and Construction of Agent-Based Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 217-217
    2. Kiril Stanilov
      Pages 253-269
    3. Andrew Evans
      Pages 309-346

About this book


This unique book brings together a comprehensive set of papers on the background, theory, technical issues and applications of agent-based modelling (ABM) within geographical systems. This collection of papers is an invaluable reference point for the experienced agent-based modeller as well those new to the area.  Specific geographical issues such as handling scale and space are dealt with as well as practical advice from leading experts about designing and creating ABMs, handling complexity, visualising and validating model outputs.  With contributions from many of the world’s leading research institutions, the latest applied research (micro and macro applications) from around the globe exemplify what can be achieved in geographical context.


This book is relevant to researchers, postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students, and professionals in the areas of quantitative geography, spatial analysis, spatial modelling, social simulation modelling and geographical information sciences.


ABM Agent tools techniques Agent-Based Modelling CHALMS City size distributions Computational methods models Demographic change Diffusion models Education system agent based Ex-urban residential land-use change GIS Geocomputational Techniques Geographical Systems Geography Geosimulation Geospatial simulation Health inequalities Housing choice Land Use Macro and microscopic simulation Model scalling Residential mobility SIMPOP models Social Sciences

Editors and affiliations

  • Alison J. Heppenstall
    • 1
  • Andrew T. Crooks
    • 2
  • Linda M. See
    • 3
  • Michael Batty
    • 4
  1. 1.School of GeographyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUnited Kingdom
  2. 2., Department of Computational Social ScienGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  3. 3.International Institute of Applied SysteLaxenburgAustria
  4. 4.Ctr. Advanced Spatial AnalysisUniversity College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information


From the reviews:

“This edited book provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging area of ABM. Together, the chapters provide a rich source of bibliographic references, detailed illustrations to support visual understanding, and a logical presentation of the science behind ABM. … This book will be an essential reference text for academics, students, and decision makers who design and interpret spatial models to understand geographical processes.” (Suzana Dragićević, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Vol. 40, 2013)

“A collection of papers that offer a comprehensive state-of-the-art of agent-based modelling (ABM) in geography. … an essential reference for any researcher in the field of ABM and geographical systems. Although a more than 700 pages book can scare everyone, the admirably collective effort to synthesize and provide an up-to-date overview of the most relevant methodological and applied works in the field is worth the challenge. Furthermore, it must be said that it can also be recommended to any reader interested in ABM … .” (José Manuel Galán, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Vol. 15 (3), 2012)