Amazonian Floodplain Forests

Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management

  • Wolfgang J. Junk
  • Maria T. F. Piedade
  • Florian Wittmann
  • Jochen Schöngart
  • Pia Parolin

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 210)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Amazonian Floodplain Forests and the Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Georg Irion, José A. S. N. de Mello, Jáder Morais, Maria T. F. Piedade, Wolfgang J. Junk, Linda Garming
      Pages 27-42
  3. Ecological and Ecophysiological Aspects of Amazonian Floodplain Forests

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Pia Parolin, Florian Wittmann
      Pages 105-126
    3. Maria T. F. Piedade, Cristiane S. Ferreira, Astrid de Oliveira Wittmann, Marcos Buckeridge, Pia Parolin
      Pages 127-139
    4. Danielle Waldhoff, Pia Parolin
      Pages 179-202
    5. Pia Parolin, Danielle Waldhoff, Maria T. F. Piedade
      Pages 203-222
    6. Viviana Horna, Reiner Zimmermann, Ewald Müller, Pia Parolin
      Pages 223-241
    7. Pia Parolin, Danielle Waldhoff, Maria T. F. Piedade
      Pages 243-258
    8. Astrid de Oliveira Wittmann, Aline Lopes, Auristela Dos Santos Conserva, Florian Wittmann, Maria T. F. Piedade
      Pages 259-280
    9. Jürgen Kern, Heidi Kreibich, Matthias Koschorreck, Assad Darwich
      Pages 281-299
    10. Cristiane S. Ferreira, Antonio V. O. Figueira, Rogério Gribel, Florian Wittmann, Maria T. F. Piedade
      Pages 301-312
    11. Joachim Adis†, Terry L. Erwin, Leandro D. Battirola, Suzana M. Ketelhut
      Pages 313-325
  4. Sustainable Management of Amazonian Floodplain Forests

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327

About this book

Introduction

Central Amazonian floodplain forests are an unique and endangered ecosystem. The forests grow in areas that are annually flooded by large rivers during mean periods of up to 8 months and at depths of up to 10 m. Despite this severe stress, these forests consist of over 1,000 species and are by far the most species-rich floodplain forests worldwide. The trees show a broad range of morphological, anatomical, physiological, and phenological adaptations that enable them not only to survive the adverse environmental conditions, but also to produce large amounts of biomass when the nutrient levels in water and soils are sufficiently high. This is the case in the floodplains of white-water rivers, which are used for fisheries, agriculture, and cattle-ranching but which also have a high potential for the production of timber and non-timber products, when adequately managed. Latest research on ecophysiology gives insight how tree species adapt to the oscillating flood-pulse focusing on their photosynthesis, respiration, sap flow, biochemistry, phenology, wood and leave anatomy, root morphology and functioning, fruit chemistry, seed germination, seedling establishment, nitrogen fixation and genetic variability. Based on tree ages, lifetime growth rates and net primary production, new concepts are developed to improve the sustainability of traditional forest managements in the background of an integrated natural resource management. This is the first integrative book on the functioning and ecologically oriented use of floodplain forests in the tropics and sub-tropics.It provides fundamental knowledge for scientist, students, foresters and other professionals on their distribution, evolution and phytogeography. “This book is an excellent testimony to the interdisciplinary collaboration of a group of very dedicated scientists to unravel the functioning of the Amazonian Floodplain forests. They have brought together a highly valuable contribution on the distribution, ecology, primary production, ecophysiology, typology, biodiversity, and human use of these forests offering recommendations for sustainable management and future projects in science and development of these unique wetland ecosystems. It lays a solid scientific foundation for wetland ecologists, foresters, environmentalists, wetland managers, and all those interested in sustainable management in the tropics and subtropics.” Brij Gopal, Executive Vice President International Society for Limnology (SIL).

Keywords

Amazonian Floodplain Biodiversity Ecophysiology Forest Management

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang J. Junk
    • 1
  • Maria T. F. Piedade
    • 2
  • Florian Wittmann
    • 3
  • Jochen Schöngart
    • 4
  • Pia Parolin
    • 5
  1. 1.MPI für LimnologiePlönGermany
  2. 2.Amazonia (INPA)Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas daManausBrazil
  3. 3.MPI für ChemieMainzGermany
  4. 4.Abt. Chemie der AtmosphäreMPI für ChemieMainzGermany
  5. 5.FB Biologie, Biozentrum Klein FlottbekUniversität HamburgHamburgGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8725-6
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-8724-9
  • Online ISBN 978-90-481-8725-6
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • About this book