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Explosives Detection Using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques

  • Jacques Fraissard
  • Olga Lapina
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Daniel Canet, Maude Ferrari
    Pages 1-29
  3. Myriam Pannetier-Lecoeur, Claude Fermon, Hadrien Dyvorne, Gregory Cannies, GÉrald Le Goff
    Pages 31-39
  4. Janko LuŽnik, Janez Pirnat, Vojko JazbinŠek, Zvonko Trontelj, TomaŽ Apih, Alan GregoroviČ et al.
    Pages 41-56
  5. Joel B. Miller, Karen L. Sauer, Christopher A. Klug, Michael L. Buess
    Pages 57-71
  6. Alexei F. Privalov, Achim GÄdke, Holger Stork, Danuta Kruk
    Pages 81-93
  7. Hector Robert, Alejandro Bussandri, Kevin Derby
    Pages 95-110
  8. Vadim S. Grechishkin, Rufina V. Grechishkina, Hoon Heo
    Pages 159-170
  9. Alan GregoroviČ, TomaŽ Apih, Janko LuŽnik, Janez Pirnat, Zvone Trontelj
    Pages 171-191
  10. JÖrg Mauler, Ernesto Danieli, Federico Casanova, Bernhard BlÜmich
    Pages 193-203
  11. George V. Mozzhukhin, Bulat Z. Rameev, Nurcan DoĞan, Bekir AktaŠ
    Pages 205-230
  12. George V. Mozzhukhin, Sergey V. Molchanov, Galina S. Kupriyanova, Alexander V. Bodnya, Vladimir V. Fedotov, Hao Guoxin et al.
    Pages 231-244
  13. Robert J. Prance, Ahmet Aydin, Christopher J. Harland, Helen Prance
    Pages 245-252
  14. Nikolay Sinyavsky, Olga Glotova, Evgeniy Korotey
    Pages 253-269
  15. Ramil R. Gainov, Alexander V. Dooglav, Irek R. Mukhamedshin, Il'ya A. Evlampiev, Anna Yu. Orlova, Ivan N. Pen'kov et al.
    Pages 271-287
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 289-292

About these proceedings

Introduction

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) a highly promising new technique for bulk explosives detection: relatively inexpensive, more compact than NMR, but with considerable selectivity. Since the NQR frequency is insensitive to long-range variations in composition, mixing explosives with other materials, such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives, makes no difference. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive, and is independent of its distribution within the volume monitored. NQR spots explosive types in configurations missed by the X-ray imaging method.

But if NQR is so good, why it is not used everywhere? Its main limitation is the low signal-to-noise ratio, particularly with the radio-frequency interference that exists in a field environment, NQR polarization being much weaker than that from an external magnetic field. The distinctive signatures are there, but are difficult to extract from the noise. In addition, the high selectivity is partly a disadvantage, as it is hard to build a multichannel system necessary to cover a wide range of target substances. Moreover, substances fully screened by metallic enclosures, etc. are difficult to detect. A workshop was held at St Petersburg in July 2008 in an attempt to solve these problems and make NQR the universal technique for the detection of bombs regardless of type. This book presents the essentials of the papers given there.

Keywords

Biophysics Mobile NMR NATO NMR NQR Explosives Detection Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) Technique and Theory Peace Physics Pulsed Nitrogen-14 Quadrupole Resonance Science Security Sub-Series B Transport Security spectroscopy

Editors and affiliations

  • Jacques Fraissard
    • 1
  • Olga Lapina
    • 2
  1. 1.Université Pierre et Marie Curie Ecole de Physique et Chimie IndustriellesParisFrance
  2. 2.Boreskov Institute on Catalysis Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3062-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Netherlands 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-3061-0
  • Online ISBN 978-90-481-3062-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6500
  • Buy this book on publisher's site