Biotechnology in Surgery

  • Alfonso Barbarisi

Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG, volume 0)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Alfonso Barbarisi
    Pages 1-14
  3. Paolo Bechi
    Pages 15-40
  4. Francesco Rosso, Manlio Barbarisi, Alfonso Barbarisi
    Pages 61-73
  5. Alfonso Barbarisi, Francesco Rosso
    Pages 75-94
  6. Vincenzo Lionetti, Alessandro Pingitore
    Pages 95-103
  7. Anna Grimaldi, Francesco Rosso, Alfonso Barbarisi
    Pages 105-114
  8. Arianna Malgieri, Paola Spitalieri, Giuseppe Novelli, Federica C. Sangiuolo
    Pages 115-130
  9. Manuela Monti, Carlo Alberto Redi
    Pages 131-149
  10. Marcello Maugeri Saccà, Vito D’Andrea, Angelo Pulcini, Ruggero De Maria
    Pages 151-168
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 169-192

About this book

Introduction

The 20th century has finished, the century when surgery took huge steps forward thanks to progress in technology. Now we have entered the "century of biotechnologies", which will not only generate progress in surgery, but also lead to a real "cultural revolution" that will completely change approaches to solving different problems in medicine.

The aim of this book is to bring surgeons closer to biotechnologies and to overcome the cultural gap dividing them from these new approaches. Biotechnologies are already proposed and used at different levels in surgical practice: in diagnostic technique, enabling practitioners to identify diseases at an early stage and follow their molecular modification over time; and in tissue engineering, where the use of "smart scaffolds" offers a possible answer to increasing demand for biocompatible tissues and organs in transplantation surgery.

This volume focuses on the emerging field of stem cells, analyzing both their role as possible players in originating and perpetuating cancer – "cancer stem cells" – and, conversely, their extraordinary therapeutical potential. An additional section is dedicated to the evaluation and application of derived molecular factors that can enhance the physiological processes that are fundamentally important in surgery, such as hemostasis and wound healing.

Surgeons have always been technologists, in the sense that since surgery began they have always needed technology, beginning with a scalpel and surgical instruments. They have always cooperated with technologists. However, in the new century, the first one of the millennium, a rapid increase in knowledge that is outside the realm of the surgeon’s traditional technological training is imposing itself – hence the aim of this book.

It is now urgent to encourage surgeons to embrace this knowledge (biotechnology) with confidence. By its very nature, biotechnology is completely different from the technologies used so far, because it escapes the senses of sight and touch, which up to now have been the essence of the surgeon’s work.

The cellular and molecular dimensions of biotechnologies are still far removed from most of the recent advances in modern surgical techniques. A common language between surgeons and biotechnologists will create further, revolutionary, progress in surgical sciences in the twenty-first century.

Keywords

Biotechnology cell therapy stem cells surgery surgical biotechnology

Editors and affiliations

  • Alfonso Barbarisi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiological, Surgical and Emergency SciencesSecond University of NaplesNaplesItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-1658-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Milan 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Milano
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-88-470-1657-6
  • Online ISBN 978-88-470-1658-3
  • About this book