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Plant Biology and Biotechnology

Volume II: Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

  • Bir Bahadur
  • Manchikatla Venkat Rajam
  • Leela Sahijram
  • K. V. Krishnamurthy
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. R. Sivasubramanian, Nitika Mukhi, Jagreet Kaur
    Pages 1-26
  3. Mugdha Srivastava, Neha Malviya, Thomas Dandekar
    Pages 49-64
  4. P. Kadirvel, S. Senthilvel, S. Geethanjali, M. Sujatha, K. S. Varaprasad
    Pages 65-88
  5. Kanupriya Chaturvedi, Leela Sahijram
    Pages 113-129
  6. Ami Choubey, Manchikatla Venkat Rajam
    Pages 179-204
  7. Leonardo Henrique Ferreira Gomes, Marcelo Alves-Ferreira, Nicolas Carels
    Pages 223-245
  8. Maria Elena T. Caguioa, Manish L. Raorane, Ajay Kohli
    Pages 247-264
  9. Anjana Munshi, Y. R. Ahuja, Bir Bahadur
    Pages 265-278
  10. S. Parthasarathy
    Pages 279-300
  11. S. R. Sagurthi, Aravind Setti, Smita C. Pawar
    Pages 301-314
  12. Leela Sahijram, Bir Bahadur
    Pages 315-327
  13. Aneesha Singh
    Pages 329-346
  14. Leela Sahijram, B. Madhusudhana Rao
    Pages 363-384
  15. Ashwani Kumar, Nidhi Gupta
    Pages 385-396
  16. Leela Sahijram
    Pages 407-416
  17. P. E. Rajasekharan, Leela Sahijram
    Pages 417-443
  18. K. Nirmal Babu, Minoo Divakaran, Rahul P. Raj, K. Anupama, K. V. Peter, Y. R. Sarma
    Pages 487-516
  19. Ashwani Kumar
    Pages 517-526
  20. S. B. Nandeshwar
    Pages 527-550
  21. Francisco Marco, Marta Bitrián, Pedro Carrasco, Manchikatla Venkat Rajam, Rubén Alcázar, Antonio F. Tiburcio
    Pages 579-609
  22. K. Sowjanya Sree, Manchikatla Venkat Rajam
    Pages 611-622
  23. Sneha Yogindran, Manchikatla Venkat Rajam
    Pages 623-637
  24. Manish Pareek, Sneha Yogindran, S. K. Mukherjee, Manchikatla Venkat Rajam
    Pages 639-661
  25. Sneha V. Nanekar, Asha A. Juwarkar
    Pages 663-671
  26. Jitendra K. Sharma, Asha A. Juwarkar
    Pages 673-684
  27. M. Nagarajan, R. Rajesh Kumar, K. Meenakshi Sundaram, M. Sundararaman
    Pages 685-723
  28. Lekha Bandopadhyay, Samir Ranjan Sikdar
    Pages 743-754
  29. Back Matter
    Pages 755-768

About this book

Introduction

Plant genomics and biotechnology have recently made enormous strides, and hold the potential to benefit agriculture, the environment and various other dimensions of the human endeavor. It is no exaggeration to claim that the twenty-first century belongs to biotechnology. Knowledge generation in this field is growing at a frenetic pace, and keeping abreast of the latest advances and calls on us to double our efforts. Volume II of this two-part series addresses cutting-edge aspects of plant genomics and biotechnology. It includes 37 chapters contributed by over 70 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research.

Biotechnology has helped to solve many conundrums of plant life that had long remained a mystery to mankind. This volume opens with an exhaustive chapter on the role played by thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, which is believed to be the Drosophila of the plant kingdom and an invaluable model plant for understanding basic concepts in plant biology. This is followed by chapters on bioremediation, biofuels and biofertilizers through microalgal manipulation, making it a commercializable prospect; discerning finer details of biotic stress with plant-fungal interactions; and the dynamics of abiotic and biotic stresses, which also figure elsewhere in the book.

Breeding crop plants for desirable traits has long been an endeavor of biotechnologists. The significance of molecular markers, marker assisted selection and techniques are covered in a dedicated chapter, as are comprehensive reviews on plant molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting techniques, genomic structure and functional genomics. A chapter dedicated to organellar genomes provides extensive information on this important aspect.

Elsewhere in the book, the newly emerging area of epigenetics is presented as seen through the lens of biotechnology, showcasing the pivotal role of DNA methylation in effecting permanent and transient changes to the genome. Exclusive chapters deal with bioinformatics and systems biology. Handy tools for practical applications such as somatic embryogenesis and micropropagation are included to provide frontline information to entrepreneurs, as is a chapter on somaclonal variation.

Overcoming barriers to sexual incompatibility has also long been a focus of biotechnology, and is addressed in chapters on wide hybridization and hybrid embryo rescue. Another area of accomplishing triploids through endosperm culture is included as a non-conventional breeding strategy. Secondary metabolite production through tissue cultures, which is of importance to industrial scientists, is also covered.

Worldwide exchange of plant genetic material is currently an essential topic, as is conserving natural resources in situ. Chapters on in vitro conservation of extant, threatened and other valuable germplasms, gene banking and related issues are included, along with an extensive account of the biotechnology of spices – the low-volume, high-value crops.

Metabolic engineering is another emerging field that provides commercial opportunities. As is well known, there is widespread concern over genetically modified crops among the public. GM crops are covered, as are genetic engineering strategies for combating biotic and abiotic stresses where no other solutions are in sight. RNAi- and micro RNA- based strategies for crop improvement have proved to offer novel alternatives to the existing non-conventional techniques, and detailed information on these aspects is also included. The book’s last five chapters are devoted to presenting the various aspects of environmental, marine, desert and rural biotechnology.

The state-of-the-art coverage on a wide range of plant genomics and biotechnology topics will be of great interest to post-graduate students and researchers, including the employees of seed and biotechnology companies, and to instructors in the fields of plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology.

Keywords

Botany Genomics Plant Genetic Engineering Plant Metabolism Plant Tissue Culture

Editors and affiliations

  • Bir Bahadur
    • 1
  • Manchikatla Venkat Rajam
    • 2
  • Leela Sahijram
    • 3
  • K. V. Krishnamurthy
    • 4
  1. 1.Sri Biotech Laboratories India LimitedHyderabad, TelanganaIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of BiotechnologyIndian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR)BangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Center for Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy and Pharmacology, School of Life SciencesInstitute of Trans-Disciplinary Health Science and Technology (IHST)BangaloreIndia

Bibliographic information