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Nishina Memorial Lectures

Creators of Modern Physics

  • Nishina Memorial Foundation

Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 746)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Werner Karl Heisenberg
    Pages 1-16
  3. Freeman J. Dyson
    Pages 71-98
  4. Richard P. Feynman
    Pages 99-114
  5. Kai Siegbahn
    Pages 137-228
  6. Philip W. Anderson
    Pages 229-234
  7. Philip W. Anderson
    Pages 235-244
  8. James W. Cronin
    Pages 261-280
  9. Heinrich Rohrer
    Pages 281-296
  10. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
    Pages 297-318
  11. Harold Kroto
    Pages 319-348
  12. Jerome I. Friedman
    Pages 349-370
  13. Martinus J.G. Veltman
    Pages 371-392
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 399-402

About this book

Introduction

Yoshio Nishina, referred to in Japan as the Father of Modern Physics, is well known for his theoretical work on the Klein–Nishina formula, which was done with Oskar Klein in the 6 years he spent in Copenhagen under Niels Bohr during the great era of the development of quantum physics. As described by Professor Ryogo Kubo in Chap. 2 of this volume, Nishina returned to Tokyo in 1929, and started to build up experimental and theoretical groups at RIKEN. His achievements there were many and great: (1) Encouraging Hideki Yukawa and Sin-itiro Tomonaga to tackle a new frontier of physics, leading eventually to their making breakthroughs in fundamental theoretical physics that won them Nobel prizes; (2) the discovery of “mesotrons” (the name for Yukawa particles at that time, now called muons) in 1937, which was published in Phys. Rev. , parallel to two American groups; (3) construction of small and large cyclotrons and subsequent discoveries of an important radioisotope 237 U and of symmetric ?ssion phenomena by fast neutron irradiation of uranium (1939 – 40), published in Phys. Rev. and Nature; and (4) creation of a new style of research institute, open to external reseachers, an idea inherited from Copenhagen. During World-War-II his laboratory was severely damaged, and also his cyclotrons were destroyed and thrown into Tokyo Bay right after the end of the war.

Keywords

X-ray cosmology electrodynamics elementary particle experiment modern physics neutron particle physics physics quantum physics quantum theory quark spectroscopy theoretical physics weak interaction

Authors and affiliations

  • Nishina Memorial Foundation
    • 1
  1. 1.Japan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-77056-5
  • Copyright Information Nishina Memorial Foundation 2008
  • Publisher Name Springer, Tokyo
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-4-431-77055-8
  • Online ISBN 978-4-431-77056-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0075-8450
  • Buy this book on publisher's site