Mechanisms and Phylogeny of Mineralization in Biological Systems

Biomineralization ′90

  • Shoichi Suga
  • Hiroshi Nakahara

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Organic Matrix

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. N. Watabe, M. Oishi, R. J. Kingsley
      Pages 9-16
    3. G. B. Curry, M. Cusack, K. Endo, D. Walton, R. Quinn
      Pages 35-39
    4. S. Mann, B. R. Heywood, S. Rajam, V. J. Wade
      Pages 47-55
    5. D. Deutsch, A. Palmon, L. Dafni, A. Shenkman, J. Sherman, L. Fisher et al.
      Pages 73-77
    6. M. Fukae, T. Tanabe, K. Kawasaki
      Pages 89-93
    7. M. Kakei, H. Nakahara, H. Takeyama
      Pages 95-99
    8. M. A. Crenshaw
      Pages 101-105
  3. Mineralization

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. A. S. M. Saleuddin, H. R. Khan, M. Sevala, V. Sevala
      Pages 161-165
    3. M. Okazaki, H. Setoguchi, E. Hisanaga
      Pages 173-177
    4. E. C. Moreno, T. Aoba
      Pages 179-186
    5. N. Katsura
      Pages 193-197
    6. H. Mishima, Y. Kozawa, T. Sakae
      Pages 223-227
    7. J. M. Ten Cate, B. Klont, R. A. M. Exterkate
      Pages 235-239
    8. P.-T. Cheng
      Pages 241-245
    9. S. Weiner, W. Traub
      Pages 247-253
    10. J. M. Didymus, S. Mann, N. P. Sanderson, P. Oliver, B. R. Heywood, E. J. Aso-Samper
      Pages 267-271
    11. A. Ebrahimpour, L. Paschalis, J. Zhang, G. H. Nancollas
      Pages 273-280
  4. Trace Elements

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 281-281
    2. J. Webb, L. A. Evans, K.-S. Kim, T. G. St. Pierre, D. J. Macey
      Pages 283-290

About these proceedings


Various kinds of mineralization have been found in many biological systems. Investigations made at a microscopical level using various sophisticated analytical methods and using principles developed in different fields have clarified their mechanisms very much. Sometimes, very similar phenomena have been found in the mineralized tissues of completely different biological systems. Compilation and comparative investigations of such findings obtained from the many specimens systematically collected contribute a great deal to an understanding of the crucial mechanisms and significance of biominerali­ zation which originated in very primitive organisms and remain in advanced ones. Previously, the functional significance of mineralized tissues was considered mainly from an anatomical point of view based upon their morphological and structural features. However, the recent advance of investigations has made it possible to interpret the func­ tional significance of biomineralization not only from local and mechanical points of view, but also from a systemic and phylogenetic point of view. It is also well-known that biomineralization has contributed in various ways to geological and oceanographical conditions of the environment in which the organisms were living. During this process, the mechanisms of biomineralization may have evolved to maintain harmony between organisms and their environments.


biology cells evolution phylogeny tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • Shoichi Suga
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Nakahara
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyThe Nippon Dental University School of Dentistry at TokyoChiyoda-ku, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Oral AnatomyMeikai Univesity School of DentistrySakado, SaitamaJapan

Bibliographic information