Livelihood Security in Northwestern Himalaya

Case Studies from Changing Socio-economic Environments in Himachal Pradesh, India

  • R.B. Singh
  • Reija Hietala

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Roles of Agriculture in the Context of Changing Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Pankaj Kumar, R. B. Singh
      Pages 27-40
    3. Suraj Mal, R. B. Singh
      Pages 41-51
    4. R. B. Singh, Swarnima Singh
      Pages 53-66
    5. B. R. Thakur, D. D. Sharma, Prince Mohan
      Pages 67-82
  3. Promoting Livelihood Security in Community Through Forestry Activities

  4. Livelihood Security of Different Ethnic Groups, Roles of the NGOs and Tourism

About this book


This book identifies and analyzes livelihood impacts of recent environmental and socio-economic changes in urban and rural settings of the mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh, northwestern Himalaya, India. The findings of the research deal with the broader objectives of the changing patterns of agricultural production with special reference to diversification, as well as forest-based livelihood outcomes, Clean Development Mechanism forest project activities, the roles of different ethnic groups and non-governmental organizations, and the benefits and shortcomings of tourism as a livelihood source. These tasks are studied by using an exploratory approach, with participant observation, interviews through random and cluster sampling among villagers, local land users, and officials, as well aswith land cover interpretation and secondary statistical data. This book is relevant for educational use together with policy input on the issues exploring livelihood security in a rapidly growing developing country.


Agricultural Production Community Participation Developing Country Livelihood Security Tree Plantation

Editors and affiliations

  • R.B. Singh
    • 1
  • Reija Hietala
    • 2
  1. 1.University of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.University of TurkuTurkuFinland

Bibliographic information