About this book
In this thesis, the author investigates hidden-order phase transition at T0 = 17.5 K in the heavy-fermion URu2Si2. The four-fold rotational symmetry breaking in the hidden order phase, which imposes a strong constraint on the theoretical model, is observed through the magnetic torque measurement. The translationally invariant phase with broken rotational symmetry is interpreted as meaning that the hidden-order phase is an electronic “nematic” phase. The observation of such nematicity in URu2Si2 indicates a ubiquitous nature among the strongly correlated electron systems.
The author also studies the superconducting state of URu2Si2 below Tc = 1.4 K, which coexists with the hidden-order phase. A peculiar vortex penetration in the superconducting state is found, which may be related to the rotational symmetry breaking in the hidden-order phase. The author also identifies a vortex lattice melting transition. This transport study provides essential clues to the underlying issue of quasiparticle dynamics as to whether a quasiparticle Bloch state is realized in the periodic vortex lattice.
- DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54592-7
- Copyright Information Springer Japan 2013
- Publisher Name Springer, Tokyo
- eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy Physics and Astronomy (R0)
- Print ISBN 978-4-431-54591-0
- Online ISBN 978-4-431-54592-7
- Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
- Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
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