State Liability for Breaches of European Law

An economic analysis

  • Authors
  • Bert Van Roosebeke

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVII
  2. Introduction

  3. A First Look at Breaches. On their Existence, Explanations and the Court’s Answer

  4. The Aim of State Liability Regulation. What are we Really Looking for?

  5. Introducing Positive Law and Economics. Reaching the Aim

  6. State Liability in Torts as a Law Enforcement Instrument. Does it work?

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 241-258

About this book


In the European Union, member states not respecting European Law run the risk of being held liable in damages to citizens. As an alternative to this Francovich liability and on the initiative of the European Commission, the European Court of Justice may publicly fine states for breaching European Law according to Art. 228 of the European Community Treaty.

Using Law & Economics methods, Bert Van Roosebeke analyses non-contractual state liability in the European Union. He empirically explains differences in member states’ breaching behaviour and presents the state liability doctrine as developed by the European Court of Justice in a number of remarkable judgements. On the normative level, he embeds the issue of state liability in the existing Law & Economics literature and concludes that compliance is the true economic aim of state liability legislation. The author presents a comparative analysis of Francovich liability and public fining according to Art. 228 of the EC Treaty. He investigates the effectiveness of both private and public law enforcement mechanisms and – on the basis of a model of political decision-making and the influence of state liability –formulates improvements to the rules of state liability.


Breach of law EC Treaty European Union (EU) Francovich Law enforcement Staatshaftung compliance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2007
  • Publisher Name DUV
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-8350-0653-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-8350-9494-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site