Human Mummies

A Global Survey of their Status and the Techniques of Conservation

  • Konrad Spindler
  • Harald Wilfing
  • Elisabeth Rastbichler-Zissernig
  • Dieter zur Nedden
  • Hans Nothdurfter

Part of the The Man in the Ice book series (3262, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-VIII
  2. General aspects

  3. Egyptian mummies

  4. Asiatic mummies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 57-57
    2. Tadasu K. Yamada, T. Kudou, H. Takahashi-Iwanaga, T. Ozawa, R. Uchihi, Y. Katsumata
      Pages 71-79
  5. Arctic mummies

  6. South American mummies

  7. European mummies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. G. Fornaciari, L. Capasso
      Pages 195-203
    3. A. Ascenzi, P. Bianco, R. Nicoletti, G. Ceccarini, M. Fornaseri, G. Graziani et al.
      Pages 205-217
    4. B. Kaufmann
      Pages 231-238
  8. Iceman research: current Events

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 247-247
    2. K. Spindler
      Pages 249-263
    3. T. L. Bereuter, E. Lorbeer, C. Reiter, H. Seidler, H. Unterdorfer
      Pages 265-273
    4. A. Makristathis, R. Mader, K. Varmuza, I. Simonitsch, J. Schwarzmeier, H. Seidler et al.
      Pages 279-281
    5. C. Kralik, W. Kiesli, H. Seidler, W. Platzer, W. Rabl
      Pages 283-287
    6. J. Weisgram, H. Splechtna, H. Hilgers, M. Walzl, W. Leitner, H. Seidler
      Pages 289-294

About these proceedings


On 15-17 September, 1993, Innsbruck, Austria, search. Another remarkable case, that of the pre-Colum­ hosted the International Mummy Symposium. This bian miner from Restauradora Mine near Chuqincamata does not mean that beautiful North Tyrol was the setting in northern Chile, is the result of impregnation with for a gathering of the world's most prominent mummies copper salts, and the mummy became an attraction as themselves, but rather the exciting discovery of a Late "Copper Man" at various fairs around the country. As he Neolithic glacial mummy released from the ice of the was found with a complete set of miner's tools, the Otztal Alps provided the focus of attention for numerous mummy offers a unique insight into the life and working scholars from many different parts of the world to come conditions of an Indio miner of the first millennium AD. together to address various questions relating to mum­ Even so, the mummified remains comprise only the skel­ mified human remains. eton with a completely rigid covering of skin, whereas Normally researchers studying the remains of histori­ the other soft parts have not survived. calor prehistoric human bodies will at best have bony In contrast, mummification in ice, and especially in substance to work on. It is rarely the case that soft parts the permafrost, can produce much better results.


Lipid anatomy anthropology development excavation tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Spindler
    • 1
  • Harald Wilfing
    • 2
  • Elisabeth Rastbichler-Zissernig
    • 3
  • Dieter zur Nedden
    • 4
  • Hans Nothdurfter
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Pre- and ProtohistoryUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Human BiologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Institute of Prehistoric Alpine ResearchUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  4. 4.Radiological Department II of the University Hospital InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  5. 5.Regional Authorities for BozenBozenItaly

Bibliographic information