Advertisement

© 2015

Synthesis and Vaccine Evaluation of the Tumor Associated Carbohydrate Antigen RM2 from Prostate Cancer

Book

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

About this book

Introduction

This thesis focuses on the synthesis and vaccine evaluation of the prostate tumor- associated carbohydrate antigen RM2. The author first presents the use of the [1+2+3] one-pot sequential strategy to successfully synthesise the RM2 antigen and its analogues as single stereoisomers in every glycosylation step, producing good yields and stereoselectivity. He then introduces the conjugation of the synthetic RM2 antigen to the carrier protein CRM197 in an average number of 1–10 to create the prostate cancer vaccine candidate, which is combined with α-galactosylceramide C1, its analogue C34, or Alu. The results of the vaccination studies in mice are also described and indicate that the strongest anti-RM2 antigen titer is exhibited when one molecule of diphtheria toxin (DT) is conjugated with an average of 4.7 molecules of RM2 antigen (DT-RM4.7) and adjuvanted with the glycolipid C34. More importantly, the induced mouse antibodies mediate the effective complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) against the prostate cancer cell line LNCap. The study presented in this thesis is the first ever to successfully synthesize this complex glycan molecule. Owing to the steric hindrance of the adjacent sialyl moiety, the introduction of two sialic acid units to the compact and rigid 3,4 dibranched galactoside unit is very challenging and the β-selective and efficient glycosylation of the galactosamine moiety at the 4-position of dibranched galactose is also problematic.

Keywords

Cancer-associated antigen Carbohydrate-based vaccine Disialogangliosides Glycolipid adjuvant Immunological adjuvants Monoclonal antibody RM2 Multivalent carbohydrate-protein interaction Prostate cancer Synthesis of glycoconjugates

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Synthesis and Vaccine Evaluation of the Tumor Associated Carbohydrate Antigen RM2 from Prostate Cancer
  • Authors Hong-Yang Chuang
  • Series Title Springer Theses
  • Series Abbreviated Title Springer Theses
  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46848-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science Chemistry and Material Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-662-46847-0
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-662-52634-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-662-46848-7
  • Series ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series E-ISSN 2190-5061
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIII, 108
  • Number of Illustrations 41 b/w illustrations, 26 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Carbohydrate Chemistry
    Vaccine
    Immunology
    Medicinal Chemistry
  • Buy this book on publisher's site