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Systematics and Evolution

  • David J. McLaughlin
  • Esther G. McLaughlin
  • Paul A. Lemke

Part of the The Mycota book series (MYCOTA, volume 7B)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XX
  2. The Fungal Hierarchy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. W. Fell, T. Boekhout, A. Fonseca, J. P. Sampaio
      Pages 3-35
    3. E. C. Swann, E. M. Frieders, D. J. McLaughlin
      Pages 37-56
    4. R. Bauer, D. Begerow, E. Oberwinkler, M. Piepenbring, M. L. Berbee
      Pages 57-83
    5. K. Wells, R. J. Bandoni
      Pages 85-120
    6. D. S. Hibbett, R. G. Thorn
      Pages 121-168
  3. Nomenclature and Documentation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
    2. David L. Hawksworth
      Pages 171-192
    3. Shung-Chang Jong, Jeannette M. Birmingham
      Pages 193-202
    4. O. Petrini, T. N. Sieber
      Pages 203-216
  4. Evolution and Speciation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 217-217
    2. Paul A. Lemke
      Pages 219-227
    3. Mary L. Berbee, John W. Taylor
      Pages 229-245
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 247-259

About this book

Introduction

Mycology, the study of fungi, originated as a subdiscipline of botany and was a des­ criptive discipline, largely neglected as an experimental science until the early years of this century. A seminal paper by Blakeslee in 1904 provided evidence for self­ incompatibility, termed "heterothallism", and stimulated interest in studies related to the control of sexual reproduction in fungi by mating-type specificities. Soon to follow was the demonstration that sexually reproducing fungi exhibit Mendelian inheritance and that it was possible to conduct formal genetic analysis with fungi. The names Burgetf, Kniep and Lindegren are all associated with this early period of fungal genet­ ics research. These studies and the discovery of penicillin by Fleming, who shared a Nobel Prize in 1945, provided further impetus for experimental research with fungi. Thus began a period of interest in mutation induction and analysis of mutants for biochemical traits. Such fundamental research, conducted largely with Neurospora crassa, led to the one gene: one enzyme hypothesis and to a second Nobel Prize for fungal research awarded to Beadle and Tatum in 1958. Fundamental research in biochemical genetics was extended to other fungi, especially to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and by the mid-1960s fungal systems were much favored for studies in eukaryotic molecular biology and were soon able to compete with bacterial systems in the molecular arena.

Keywords

Ascomycota Basidiomycetes Basidiomycota Chytridiomycota Pilze Systematik Zygomycota eukaryota eukaryote evolution fungi mycology phylogeny systematics

Editors and affiliations

  • David J. McLaughlin
    • 1
  • Esther G. McLaughlin
    • 2
  • Paul A. Lemke
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyAugsburg CollegeMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.AuburnUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-10189-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08576-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-10189-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site