Advertisement

Low Dose Exposures in the Environment

Dose-Effect Relations and Risk Evaluation

  • Christian Streffer
  • H. Bolt
  • D. Føllesdal
  • P. Hall
  • J. G. Hengstler
  • P. Jakob
  • D. Oughton
  • K. Prieß
  • E. Rehbinder
  • E. Swaton
  • Friederike Wütscher

Part of the Wissenschaftsethik und Technikfolgenbeurteilung book series (ETHICSSCI, volume 23)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIX
  2. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 1-9
  3. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 11-35
  4. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 37-81
  5. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 83-180
  6. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 181-212
  7. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 213-256
  8. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 257-263
  9. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 265-294
  10. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 295-324
  11. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 325-377
  12. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 379-393
  13. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 395-413
  14. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 415-421
  15. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 423-460
  16. Christian Streffer, H. Bolt, D. Føllesdal, P. Hall, J. G. Hengstler, P. Jakob et al.
    Pages 461-466
  17. Back Matter
    Pages 467-476

About this book

Introduction

The ever-increasing release of harmful agents due to human activities have led in some areas of the world to heavy pollution. In order to protect human health and the environment, environmental standards that shall limit the release and the concentration of those toxic agents in the environment and hence the exposure to it have to be established. The related assessment and decision-making procedures have to be based on solid scientific data about the effects and mechanisms of these agents as well as on ethical, social and economic aspects. For risk evaluation, the knowledge of the dose response curve is an essential prerequisite. Dose responses without a threshold dose are most critical in this connection. Such dose responses are assumed for mutagenic and carcinogenic effects, which, therefore, dominate also the discussion in this book. In the environmentally important low dose range, risk estimation can only be achieved by extrapolation from higher doses with measurable effects. The extrapolation is accompanied with uncertainties which makes risk evaluation as well as risk communication frequently problematic. In order to ensure rational efficient and fair decisions beyond a sound scientific assessment the dialogue between disciplines, with the affected people and with the general public is necessary. In this book, the whole range of relevant and essential aspects of risk evaluation and standard setting is addressed. Starting with the ethical foundations, the sound analysis of recent scientific findings sets the frame for further reflections by theory of cognition, psychosocial sciences, and jurisprudence. The authors end up with concluding recommendations for coping with the recent problems of standard setting in the field of environmentally relevant low doses. The book is designed to a readership of scientists, legislators, administrators, and the interested public.

Keywords

Human Carcinogens Radiation environment human health pollution toxicology

Authors and affiliations

  • Christian Streffer
    • 1
  • H. Bolt
  • D. Føllesdal
  • P. Hall
  • J. G. Hengstler
  • P. Jakob
  • D. Oughton
  • K. Prieß
  • E. Rehbinder
  • E. Swaton
  1. 1.EssenGermany

Editors and affiliations

  • Friederike Wütscher
    • 1
  1. 1.Europäische Akademie GmbHBad Neuenahr-AhrweilerGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-08422-9
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-05923-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-08422-9
  • Series Print ISSN 1860-4803
  • Series Online ISSN 1860-4811
  • Buy this book on publisher's site