Quasicrystals

An Introduction to Structure, Physical Properties and Applications

  • Jens-Boie Suck
  • Michael Schreiber
  • Peter Häussler
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 55)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVIII
  2. Background

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jens-Boie Suck
      Pages 3-16
    3. Michael Baake
      Pages 17-48
    4. Uwe Grimm, Michael Schreiber
      Pages 49-66
  3. Atomic Structure and Growth

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 67-67
    2. Ted Janssen
      Pages 69-81
    3. Hans-Ude Nissen, Conradin Beeli
      Pages 115-166
    4. Marek Mihalkovič
      Pages 167-182
    5. Christian Janot, Jean-Marie Dubois
      Pages 183-198
    6. Uwe Grimm, Dieter Joseph
      Pages 199-218
  4. Production of Quasicrystalline Alloys

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 219-219
    2. Dirk Holland-Moritz
      Pages 233-248
  5. Defects and Mechanical Properties

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 249-249
    2. Hans-Rainer Trebin
      Pages 251-261
    3. Markus Wollgarten, Volker Franz, Michael Feuerbacher, Knut Urban
      Pages 262-279
    4. Dieter Plachke, Heinz Dieter Carstanjen
      Pages 280-304
    5. Knut Urban, Michael Feuerbacher, Markus Wollgarten
      Pages 305-318

About this book

Introduction

This book provides a basic introduction to the structure and physical properties of quasicrystals, giving equal weight to experimental and theoretical progress. After introducing different aspects of tilings, including random tiling, the foundations of the crystallography of these aperiodic crystals is laid. The experimental investigation of the structure in real and reciprocal space is covered in detail, including high resolution electron microscopy, STM and AFM and electron-, X-ray- and especially neutron diffraction. The results of these experimental techniques are supplemented by the modelling of the atomic structure based on realistic ab initio pair interactions. A central role in aperiodic crystals is played by the electrons, which are most sensitive to the aperiodic atomic structure and are therefore discussed in detail:the surprising results of conduction measurements and the experimental investigation of the partial density of states for quasicrystals and their rational approximants are contrasted with the results from calculations of the electronic structure of quasicrystals. The vibrational properties of quasicrystalline alloys are extensively discussed on the basis of different computer simulations techniques and of the rich variety of experimental results obtained with mono- and polygrain quasicrystals and their approximants by neutron inelastic scattering. Likewise the magnetic properties of quasicrystalline alloys, which depend on the type of sample and show interesting transitions to different magnetic phases, are covered. The mechanical properties and the results from the investigation of defects in quasicrystals by experimental methods like electron microscopy and ion channeling and by extensive computer simulations of defects and fracture, which play a major role in the applications of quasicrystals, are presented. For the understanding of quasicrystal formation the properties of the undercooled liquid alloys, the details of the mostly extremely complicated phase diagrams, the reasons for the success of certain production techniques, the process of alloy growth, and the reasons for the stability of the non periodic crystal structure in competition with the periodic one must

Keywords

alloy aperiodic tilings applications atomic structure crystal crystallography electron microscopy liquid microscopy modeling modelling physical properties quasicryystals thermodynamics thin films

Editors and affiliations

  • Jens-Boie Suck
    • 1
  • Michael Schreiber
    • 2
  • Peter Häussler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PhysikTU ChemnitzChemnitzGermany
  2. 2.International University BremenBremenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-05028-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08390-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-05028-6
  • Series Print ISSN 0933-033X
  • Series Online ISSN 2196-2812
  • About this book