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Remediation of Abandoned Surface Coal Mining Sites

A NATO-Project

  • Alena Mudroch
  • Ulrich Stottmeister
  • Christopher Kennedy
  • Helmut Klapper

Part of the Environmental Engineering book series (ESE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVII
  2. Ulrich Stottmeister, Alena Mudroch
    Pages 1-3
  3. Ulrich Stottmeister, Alena Mudroch, Christopher Kennedy, Zdena Matiova, Jacek Sanecki, Ivan Svoboda
    Pages 4-36
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 170-175

About this book

Introduction

Christopher Kennedy University of Toronto, Department of Civil Engineering, 35 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S IA4 Coal is a valuable resource. It provides a significant amount of the World's energy supply and it is the basis for many industries. However, in areas where coal lies close to the Earth's surface and has been exploited by open cast tech­ niques, radical alterations of landscape and significant impacts on the envi­ ronment have occurred. This report was prepared to provide guidance to those who are responsible for the prevention of environmental effects from surface mining and for the restoration of the mining areas. Environmental problems of surface coal mining and restoration of the mine sites are discussed in the re­ port. Particular attention is given to Eastern Europe, which continues to be a major centre of opencast lignite mining. Reclamation of mined lands for for­ estry, agriculture and wildlife is briefly discussed. However, the shear volume of coal removed from many mines in Eastern Europe is so vast, that there is often insufficient overburden material to refill the pits. Consequently, the main focus of this report is on the creation of lakes in these former surface mines. Many problems have to be overcome in creating healthy lakes for recreation or wildlife. Guidelines for treating water quality problems and further devel­ opment of lakes are provided. Techniques for dealing with acidic, waters, eutrophication and contamination are discussed.

Keywords

Abandoned opencast pits Beeinflussung der soziologischen Entwicklungen Generation of lakes Influence on sociologal and cultural development Opencast mine remediation Post-mining landscape Seebildung in Tagebaurestlöchern Tageba mining remediation

Editors and affiliations

  • Alena Mudroch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ulrich Stottmeister
    • 3
  • Christopher Kennedy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Helmut Klapper
    • 4
  1. 1.DundasCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Remediation ResearchUFZ Centre for Environmental ResearchLeipzigGermany
  4. 4.MagdeburgGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-04734-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-07641-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-04734-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1863-5520
  • Buy this book on publisher's site