Futures, Visions, and Responsibility

An Ethics of Innovation

  • Martin Sand

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVIII
  2. Martin Sand
    Pages 1-4
  3. Martin Sand
    Pages 5-46
  4. Martin Sand
    Pages 79-152
  5. Martin Sand
    Pages 153-200
  6. Martin Sand
    Pages 201-239
  7. Martin Sand
    Pages 241-264
  8. Martin Sand
    Pages 265-285
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 287-306

About this book


Martin Sand explores the problems of responsibility at the early, visionary stages of technological development. He discusses the increasingly dominant concept of innovation and outlines how narratives about the future are currently used to facilitate technological change, to foster networks, and to raise public awareness for innovations. This set of activities is under increasing scrutiny as a form of “visioneering”. The author discusses intentionality and freedom as important, albeit fuzzy, preconditions for being responsible. He distinguishes being from holding responsible and explores this distinction’s effects on the problem of moral luck. Finally, he develops a virtue ethical framework to discuss visioneers’ and innovators’ responsibilities.


  • A Humanist Ethics of Innovation
  • Responsibility and Visioneering
  • Responsibility, Determinism, and Freedom
  • Moral Luck and Intelligibility
  • Collective and Corporate Responsibility
  • The Virtues and Vices of Innovators

Target Groups

  • Researchers and students in the fields of technology assessment, ethics, philosophy
  • Ethicists, policymakers, philosophers

The Author

Martin Sand completed his PhD at the Institute of Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, under the supervision of Prof. Armin Grunwald and Prof. Ibo van de Poel (TU Delft).​


Technology Assessment Philosophy of Technology Ethics Responsibility Responsible Research and Innovation Philosophy Futures Technological Visions Visionieering Moral Luck Determinism Corporate Responsibility Collective Responsibility

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.ITASAKarlsruhe Inst of TechKarlsruheGermany

Bibliographic information