Perspectives of Biophysical Ecology

  • David M. Gates
  • Rudolf B. Schmerl

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 12)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction: Biophysical Ecology

    1. David M. Gates
      Pages 1-28
  3. Analytical Models of Plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 29-32
    2. Paul W. Lommen, Sandra K. Smith, Conrad S. Yocum, David M. Gates
      Pages 33-43
    3. Conrad S. Yocum, Paul W. Lommen
      Pages 45-54
    4. Anthony E. Hall, Olle Björkman
      Pages 55-72
    5. S. Elwynn Taylor
      Pages 73-86
  4. Extreme Climate and Plant Productivity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 99-103
    2. Hyrum B. Johnson
      Pages 105-120
    3. Otto L. Lange, Ernst-D. Schulze, Ludger Kappen, Uwe Buschbom, Michael Evenari
      Pages 121-143
  5. Water Transport and Environmental Control of Diffusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-186
    2. Anthony E. Hall, Merril R. Kaufmann
      Pages 187-202
    3. Ronald G. Alderfer
      Pages 227-238
    4. Richard Lee, William G. Hutson, Stephen C. Hill
      Pages 239-247
  6. Theoretical Models of Animals

  7. Observation of Animal Body Temperature

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 401-404
    2. George A. Bartholomew, R. J. Epting
      Pages 405-415
    3. Edward E. Southwick, David M. Gates
      Pages 417-430
    4. William A. Calder III
      Pages 431-442
  8. Energy-Transfer Studies of Animals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 491-495
    2. Matthew J. Kluger
      Pages 497-507
    3. Aaron N. Moen, Nadine K. Jacobsen
      Pages 509-524
    4. L. Berkley Davis Jr., Richard C. Birkebak
      Pages 525-548
    5. D. J. Skuldt, W. A. Beckman, J. W. Mitchell, W. P. Porter
      Pages 549-558
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 597-609

About this book


A symposium on biophysical ecology was held at The University of Michigan Biological Station on Douglas Lake August 20-24, 1973. Biophysical ecology is an approach to ecology which uses fundamental principles of physics and chemistry along with mathematics as a tool to understand the interactions between organisms and their environment. It is fundamentally a mechanistic approach to ecology, and as such, it is amenable to theoretical modeling. A theoretical model applied to an organism and its interactions with its environ­ ment should include all the significant environmental factors, organism properties, and the mechanisms that connect these things together in an appropriate organism response. The purpose of a theoretical model is to use it to explain observed facts and to make predictions beyond the realm of observation which can be verified or denied by further observation. If the predictions are confirmed, the model must be reasonably complete except for second or third-order refinements. If the pre­ dictions are denied by further observation, one must go back to the basic ideas that entered the model and decide what has been overlooked or even what has been included that perhaps should not have been. Theoretical modeling must always have recourse to experiment in the laboratory and observation in the field. For plants, a theoretical model might be formulated to explain the manner and magnitude by which various environmental factors affect leaf temperature.


Biophysik biophysics chemistry ecology environment lake temperature Ökologie

Editors and affiliations

  • David M. Gates
    • 1
  • Rudolf B. Schmerl
    • 2
  1. 1.Biological StationThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.School of EducationThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1975
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-87812-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-87810-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site