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Physics of Superionic Conductors

  • Myron B. Salamon

Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 15)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. M. B. Salamon
    Pages 1-4
  3. S. M. Shapiro, F. Reidinger
    Pages 45-75
  4. H. U. Beyeler, P. Brüesch, L. Pietronero, W. R. Schneider, S. Strässler, H. R. Zeller
    Pages 77-110
  5. M. J. Delaney, S. Ushioda
    Pages 111-139
  6. P. M. Richards
    Pages 141-174
  7. M. B. Salamon
    Pages 175-199
  8. T. Geisel
    Pages 201-246
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 247-258

About this book

Introduction

Superionic conductors are solids whose ionic conductivities approach, and in some cases exceed, those of molten salts and electrolyte solutions. This implies an un­ usual state of matter in which some atoms have nearly liquidlike mobility while others retain their regular crystalline arrangement. This liquid-solid duality has much appeal to condensed matter physicists, and the coincident development of powerful new methods for studying disordered solids and interest in superionic conductors for technical applications has resulted in a new surge of activity in this venerable field. It is the purpose of this book to summarize the current re­ search in the physics of superionic conduction. with special emphasis on those aspects which set these materials apart from other solids. The volume is aimed to­ wards the materials community and will, we expect, stimulate further research on these potentially useful substances. The usual characterization of the superionic phase lists high ionic conductivity; low activation energy; and the open structure of the crystal, with its interconne­ ted network of vacant sites available to one ionic species. To these, as we demon­ strate in this volume, should be added important dynami~ and collective effect~: the absence of well-defined optical lattice modes, the presence of a pervasive, low-energy excitation, an infrared peak in the frequency-dependent conductivity, unusual NMR prefactors, phase transitions, and a strong tendency for the mobile ion to be found between allowed sites.

Keywords

Ionenleiter atoms condensed matter crystal diffraction diffusion dynamics electron entropy heat material neutron physics solid structure

Editors and affiliations

  • Myron B. Salamon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-81328-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-81330-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-81328-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0342-6793
  • Buy this book on publisher's site