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Invertebrate Immune Responses

Cells and Molecular Products

  • Edwin L. Cooper

Part of the Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology book series (COMPARATIVE, volume 23)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. Introduction

    1. E. L. Cooper
      Pages 1-5
  3. Cells: The Basic Immunodefense Armentarium

  4. Cell Products: Natural and Induced as Revealed by Non-specific and Specific Responses Following Antigenic Challenge

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 211-216

About this book

Introduction

E. L. Cooper The Immunodefense System Because invertebrates are exceedingly diverse and numerous, estimates reveal nearly 2 million species classified in more than 20 phyla from unicellular organisms up to the complex, multicellular protostomes and deuterostomes. It is not surprising to find less diverse defense/immune responses whose effector mechanisms remain to be completely elucidated. Of course, I am not advocating that the few of us devoted to analyzing invertebrate immunity attempt the Herculean task of examining all these species to uncover some kind of unique response! As these two volumes will reveal, we are doing fairly well in examining in depth only the most miniscule examples of invertebrates, some of which have great effects on human populations such as edible crustaceans or insect pests. This is in striking contrast to the mass of information on the mammalian immune response which has been derived essentially from the mouse, a member of one phylum, Vertebrata, an approach, reductionist to be sure, but one that has served well both the technological and conceptual advances of immunology as a disci­ pline. The essential framework of immunology, the overwhelming burst of results since the 1960s, have emanated primarily from this single animal. We should not forget the thymus and the bird's bursa of Fabricius, without which we might have been slower to recognize the bipartite T /B system.

Keywords

antibody antigen cell cytotoxicity evolution immune response immune system immunity immunoglobulin immunology insects membrane microorganism proteins resistance

Editors and affiliations

  • Edwin L. Cooper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurobiologyUCLA Medical Center (CHS)Los AngelesUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79693-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-79695-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-79693-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0938-2763
  • Buy this book on publisher's site