Forest Decline and Atmospheric Deposition Effects in the French Mountains

  • Guy Landmann
  • Maurice Bonneau
  • Michèle Kaennel

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIV
  2. Forest Health and Productivity: Temporal Trends, Relation to Climate, Site and Stand Factors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. G. Landmann, M. Bonneau, L. Bouhot-Delduc, F. Fromard, V. Chéret, J. Dagnac et al.
      Pages 41-81
    3. G. Landmann, G. D. Bert, J. C. Pierrat, M. Becker, M. Bonneau, B. Souchier
      Pages 82-119
    4. M. Becker, G. D. Bert, J. Bouchon, J. L. Dupouey, J. F. Picard, E. Ulrich
      Pages 143-156
  3. Atmospheric Deposition in France

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 175-175
    2. E. Dambrine, E. Ulrich, N. Cénac, P. Durand, T. Gauquelin, P. Mirabel et al.
      Pages 177-200
  4. Effects of Atmospheric Deposition on Forest Nutrient Cycling, Soils and Related Effects on Plants

  5. The Role of Biotic Factors in Forest Decline

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 329-329
    2. O. Devêvre, J. Garbaye, F. Le Tacon, R. Perrin, D. Estivalet
      Pages 331-352
  6. Effects of Air Pollution on Surface Waters and Lichens

  7. Forest Decline and Air Pollution Effects in the French Mountains: A Synthesis

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 453-461

About these proceedings


Forest decline became a matter of public and scientific concern in France in 1983 when conifers in the Vosges mountains were found to exhibit unusual crown deterioration. An impassioned controversy on a supposedly large scale forest health problem was then in full swing in Central Europe. A co-ordinated research programme entitled DEFORPA ("Deperissement des For~ts et Pollution AtmospMrique") was launched in 1984. This programme ran from 1984 to 1991 and a number of projects are still in progress. The Programme was sponsored by three French ministries (Enviroument, Agriculture and Forestry, Research and Technologyl), several state agencies, various regional authorities and the Commission of the European Communities (DO xn and DG VI). Initially, emphasis was solely laid on the understanding of forest decline in the mountainous areas - because damage was most obvious there - in relation to natural and man-made factors. Air pollution was given high but not overwhelming priority. Thus, the DEFORPA Programme was not in its essence a nation-wide assessment of air pollution effects, unlike a number of national acidification research programmes in Europe and North America. During. the programme, however, the areas of concern expanded. In particular, research into water acidification in the Vosges mountains was developed in parallel with the DEFORPA Programme, and possible eutrophication of the ground flora in northeastern France became the subject of new research.


Acidification Air Pollution Atmospheric Deposition Bodenversauerung Forest Decline French Mountains Gewässerversauerung Luftverschmutzung Silviculture Soil Surface Water Waldschäden Waldsterben forest Ökologie

Editors and affiliations

  • Guy Landmann
    • 1
  • Maurice Bonneau
    • 2
  • Michèle Kaennel
  1. 1.Département de la Santé des Forêts, Min. de l’Agriculture et de la PêcheINRA — Centre de NancyChampenouxFrance
  2. 2.Unité Ecosytèmes Forestiers, INRA — Centre de NancyChampenouxFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-79537-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-79535-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site