Shot Range Determination

  • Karl Sellier
Conference proceedings

Part of the Forensic Science Progress book series (FORENSIC, volume 6)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Karl Sellier
    Pages 1-1
  3. Karl Sellier
    Pages 1-26
  4. Karl Sellier
    Pages 27-33
  5. Karl Sellier
    Pages 73-88
  6. Karl Sellier
    Pages 88-97
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 99-107

About these proceedings

Introduction

The range at which a weapon has been fired is an important measurement for the reconstruction of firearms offenses (murder, suicide, accident). All changes caused by a shot and which vary according to the distance from the weapon are suitable in principle for determining this distance. However, some procedures are very elegant in theory but hardly applicable in practice. The constructions of ammunition and the sequence of events during a shot are dealt with first as this knowledge forms a basis for understanding the various methods. \ The individual zones (classes) of firing distances (contact shot, intermediate shot, distance shot) are described. In this connection, the morphological methods for determining the firing distance are discussed. From the shape and size of the powder residue distribution (soot stains, powder tattooing) and with the knowledge of the weapon and ammunition, the distance from the target can be elucidated. In this chapter, the methods of making an invisible distribution visible are also dealt with. In order to determine the range of the shot from the appearance of the wound no complicated apparatus is necessary. One can judge with the naked eye. These procedures have a great advantage over the methods discussed in the following chapter in that they give stronger proof. They are more vivid and convincing for the uninitiated (judge or jury) than abstract measurements obtained by scientific devices.

Keywords

Absorption Antimon Atom Criminalistics Gerichtliche Chemie Rechtsmedizin Sorption X-ray classification distribution fluorescence forensic science legal medicine

Authors and affiliations

  • Karl Sellier
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Rechtsmedizin der UniversitätBonnGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-76721-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-76723-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-76721-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0930-1461
  • About this book