Nitrate Contamination

Exposure, Consequence, and Control

  • Istvan Bogárdi
  • Robert D. Kuzelka
  • Wilma G. Ennenga
Conference proceedings

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 30)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Overview of Problem

  3. Exposure Assessment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 65-65
    2. P. E. Rijtema, J. G. Kroes
      Pages 81-95
    3. W. E. Kelly, B. Curtis, D. Adelman
      Pages 97-113
    4. H. P. Nachtnebel, L. Duckstein, I. Bogardi
      Pages 115-127
    5. R. Mull, C. Bugner, F. Härig, W. Pfingsten, M. Pielke
      Pages 129-139
    6. J. S. Schepers, D. L. Martin, D. G. Watts, R. B. Ferguson
      Pages 163-171
    7. P. J. Dillon, S. R. Ragusa, S. B. Richardson
      Pages 173-180
    8. C. A. Onstad, J. S. Schepers, W. E. Larson
      Pages 219-226
    9. Back Matter
      Pages 227-229
  4. Health Consequences

  5. Contamination Control

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 331-331
    2. M. F. Dahab
      Pages 349-368
    3. F. Rogalla, G. de Larminat, J. Coutelle, H. Godart
      Pages 369-383
    4. A. Türkman
      Pages 395-399
    5. L. A. Schipper, A. B. Cooper, W. J. Dyck
      Pages 401-413
    6. C. A. Rock, S. Irrinki, P. S. Pinkham
      Pages 415-433
    7. Back Matter
      Pages 451-452
  6. Integration: The Systems Approach

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 453-453
    2. L. Duckstein, K. L. Head, I. Bogardi
      Pages 455-476
    3. M. Dourson, B. Stern, S. Griffin, K. Bailey
      Pages 477-487
    4. A. Bárdossy
      Pages 489-507
    5. Back Matter
      Pages 509-511
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 513-522

About these proceedings


The nitrate content of drinking water is rising at an alarming rate in several regions of NATO countries and elsewhere in the world. The increase is due to lack of proper sewage treatment, and primarily to excess fertilizer application. Also, eutrophication in several coastal areas is triggered by high nitrate concentrations. The main purpose of this book is to integrate scientific knowledge related to exposure assessment, health consequences and control of nitrate contamination in water. The motivation is related to the magnitude, the possible adverse health effects, and the high cost of control­ ling nitrate contamination. Future research tasks are defined by an interaction among hydro­ logists, toxicologists and environmental engineers in an integrated framework for nitrate risk management. The target readership of this book is a mix of university colleagues, practitioners from both the private and public sectors and advanced graduate students working with the hydrological, health science or environmental engineering aspects of nitrate contamination. The main conclusions include: 1. For risk assessment purposes, knowledge and sufficiently accurate models are available to predict nitrate load and its fate in water under changes in land use. 2. Once agricultural exposure controls are implemented, the response times in ground water may be so long as to make controls unrealistic. 3. It is still unknown whether agricultural best management practice is a compromise between nitrate risk reduction and agricultural revenue. 4. The current drinking water guidelines of 10 mg/L NOrN need not be changed.


Dünger Krebsrisiko Nitrat Umweltverschmutzung Wasser drinking water environment fertilizer health pollution water

Editors and affiliations

  • Istvan Bogárdi
    • 1
  • Robert D. Kuzelka
    • 2
  • Wilma G. Ennenga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.University of Nebraska Water CenterLincolnUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-76042-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-76040-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site