Spinal Cord Monitoring and Electrodiagnosis

  • Koki Shimoji
  • Takahide Kurokawa
  • Tetsuya Tamaki
  • William D. WillisJr.

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIX
  2. Basic Considerations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages XXI-XXI
    2. Animal Studies

      1. E. Transfeldt, G. Niznik, F. Shichijo, T. Ohshima, B. Pomeranz
        Pages 8-12
      2. H. Kawamura, K. Yokogushi, G. Katahira, M. Matsumoto
        Pages 20-26
      3. M. Yokoyama, K. Shinomiya, H. Sato, H. Komori, K. Furuya
        Pages 27-35
      4. T. Yamamoto, Y. Katayama, T. Tsubokawa, S. Maejima, T. Hirayama, J. Xing
        Pages 36-42
      5. S. Uchiyama, R. H. Brown, C. L. Nash
        Pages 43-49
    3. Animal Studies

    4. Animal Studies

    5. Human Studies

    6. Human Studies

      1. Y. Nishijima, M. Okada, T. Izumi, N. Toda, Y. Yamazaki
        Pages 245-252
      2. T. Iizuka, H. Azuma, H. Tanaka, H. Sugioka, T. Kondo
        Pages 253-261
      3. J. Dvořák, J. Herdmann, R. Theiler
        Pages 262-272
      4. W. J. Levy, J. Oro, M. Traad
        Pages 273-283
  3. Clinical Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 285-285
    2. Monitoring

      1. K. Shinomiya, Y. Kurosa, M. Fuchioka, H. Sato, M. Yokoyama, H. Komori et al.
        Pages 287-295
      2. Y. Fukui, K. Satomi, T. Okuma, K. Kenmotsu, M. Kamata, T. Ikai et al.
        Pages 296-304
      3. R. H. Brown, C. L. Nash Jr., J. T. Stinson, F. A. Bauman
        Pages 313-324
      4. W. T. Frazier, D. B. Biggs, S. H. Odom, S. E. Jenkins
        Pages 325-334
      5. W. T. Frazier, B. D. Biggs, S. H. Odom, S. E. Jenkins
        Pages 335-345
      6. Y. Miyawaki, T. Doi, K. Amano, I. Rai, H. Kagiyama, S. Nishiue et al.
        Pages 360-369
      7. T. Goya, S. Miyahara, T. Mikura, K. Kinoshita
        Pages 370-380

About these proceedings


The spinal cord has a characteristic structure and functions that are distinct from those of the brain. Its functions are tremendously important since it modulates the peripheral sensory inputs to the dorsal horn, and it gives rise to the ascending pathways transmitting peripheral afferent inputs to the brain, and conveys the descending pathways from the brain both to the lower motor neurons, the final common pathway, and to dorsal horn sensory neurons. In spite of these vital functions, the spinal cord constitutes only a small percent­ age of the mass of the human central nervous system and is located far from the skin surface, which has obstructed the recording of its electrical activity. Recently, however, important advances have been made in several recording techniques, including epidural recording or averaging methods, allowing both sensory and motor evoked spinal cord potentials in man to be recorded. This volume is based on the papers presented at the Fourth International Symposium on Spinal Cord Monitoring and Electrodiagnosis. Each of these international symposia has brought together many of the specialists involved in this research, with an important increase in the number of participants since the first symposium was held in Toyko in 1981. At the past symposia several attempts were made to standardize data, techniques, and clinical applications and to integrate the new findings into patient care.


Rückenmarkserkrankung Rückenmarksoperationen evozierte Potentiale neuropharmacology pathophysiology prevention spinal cord spine surgery

Editors and affiliations

  • Koki Shimoji
    • 1
  • Takahide Kurokawa
    • 2
  • Tetsuya Tamaki
    • 3
  • William D. WillisJr.
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyNiigata University School of MedicineNiigata 951Japan
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TokyoBunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113Japan
  3. 3.Department of OrthopaedicsWakayama Medical CollegeWakayamaJapan
  4. 4.Marine Biomedical Institute Ashbel Smith, Department of Anatomy and NeurosciencesThe University of Texas Medical Branch at GalvestonGalvestonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-75746-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-75744-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site